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థ Free EUR 0,00 Read [ Give People Money: How a Universal Basic Income Would End Poverty, Revolutionize Work, and Remake the World ] ಋ E-Pub Author Annie Lowrey ಚ

థ Free EUR 0,00 Read [ Give People Money: How a Universal Basic Income Would End Poverty, Revolutionize Work, and Remake the World ] ಋ E-Pub Author Annie Lowrey ಚ థ Free EUR 0,00 Read [ Give People Money: How a Universal Basic Income Would End Poverty, Revolutionize Work, and Remake the World ] ಋ E-Pub Author Annie Lowrey ಚ Chapter OneThe Ghost TrucksThe North American International Auto Show is a gleaming, roaring affair Once a year, in bleakest January, carmakers head to the Motor City to show off their newest models, technologies, and concept vehicles to industry figures, the press, and the public Each automaker takes its corner of the dark, carpeted cavern of the Cobo Center and turns it into something resembling a game show set spotlights, catwalks, light displays, scantily clad women, and vehicle after vehicle, many rotating on giant lazy Susans I spent hours at a recent show, ducking in and out of new models and talking with auto executives and sales representatives I sat in an SUV as sleek as a shark, the buttons and gears and dials on its dashboard replaced with a virtual cockpit straight out of science fiction A race car so aerodynamic and low that I had to crouch to get in it And driverless car after driverless car after driverless car.The displays ranged in degrees of technological spectacle from the cool to the oh my word One massive Ford truck, for instance, offered a soupedup cruise control that would brake for pedestrians and take over stop andgo driving in heavy traffic No need to keep ramming the pedals yourself, a representative said as I gripped the oversize steering wheel.Across the floor sat a Volkswagen concept car that looked like a hippie caravan for aliens The minibus had no door latches, just sensors There was a plug instead of a gas tank On fully autonomous driving mode, the dash swallowed the steering wheel A variety of lasers, sensors, radar, and cameras would then pilot the vehicle, and the driver and front seat passenger could swing their seats around to the back, turning the bus into a snug, space age living room The car of the future proclaimed Klaus Bischoff, the companys head of design.It was a phrase that I heard again and again in Detroit We are developing the cars of the future The cars of the future are coming The cars of the future are here The auto market, I came to understand, is rapidly moving from automated to autonomous to driverless Many cars already offer numerous features to assist with driving, including fancy cruise controls, backup warnings, lane keeping technology, emergency braking, automatic parking, and so on Add in enough of those options, along with some advanced sensors and thousands of lines of code, and you end up with an autonomous car that can pilot itself from origin to destination Soon enough, cars, trucks, and taxis might be able to do so without a driver in the vehicle at all.This technology has gone from zero to sixty forgive me in only a decade and a half Back in 2002, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, part of the Department of Defense and better known as DARPA, announced a grand challenge, an invitation for teams to build autonomous vehicles and race one another on a 142 mile desert course from Barstow, California, to Primm, Nevada The winner would take home a cool million At the marquee event, none of the competitors made it through the course, or anywhere close But the promise of prize money and the publicity around the event spurred a wave of investment and innovation That first competition created a community of innovators, engineers, students, programmers, off road racers, backyard mechanics, inventors, and dreamers who came together to make history by trying to solve a tough technical problem, said Lt Col Scott Wadle of DARPA The fresh thinking they brought was the spark that has triggered major advances in the development of autonomous robotic ground vehicle technology in the years since.As these systems become reliable, safer, and cheaper, and as government regulations and the insurance markets come to accommodate them, mere mortals will get to experience them At the auto show, I watched John Krafcik, the chief executive of Waymo, Googles self driving spin off, show off a fully autonomous Chrysler Pacifica minivan Our latest innovations have brought us closer to scaling our technology to potentially millions of people every day, he said, describing how the cost of the three dimensional light detection radar that helps guide the car has fallen 90 percent from its original 75,000 price tag in just a few years BMW and Ford, among others, have announced that their autonomous offerings will go to market soon The amount of technology in cars has been growing exponentially, said Sandy Lobenstein, a Toyota executive, speaking in Detroit The vehicle as we know it is transforming into a means of getting around that futurists have dreamed about for a long time Taxis without a taxi driver, trucks without a truck driver, cars you can tell where to go and then take a nap in they are coming to our roads, and threatening millions and millions of jobs as they do.In Michigan that dreary January, the excitement about self driving technology was palpable The domestic auto industry nearly died during the Great Recession, and despite its strong rebound in the years following, Americans were still not buying as many cars as they did back in the 1990s and early aughts in part because Americans were driving less, and in part because the young folks who tend to be the most avid new car consumers were still so cash strapped Analysts have thus excitedly described this new technological frontier as a gold rush for the industry Autonomous cars are expected to considerably expand the global market, with automakers anticipating selling 12 million vehicles a year by 2035 for some 80 billion in revenue.Yet to many, the driverless car boom does not seem like a stimulus, or the arrival of a long awaited future It seems like an extinction level threat Consider the fate of some workers on industrial sites already using driverless and autonomous vehicles, watching as robots start to replace their colleagues Trucks dont get pensions, they dont take vacations Its purely dollars and cents, Ken Smith, the president of a local union chapter representing workers on the Canadian oil sands, said in an interview with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation This wave of layoffs due to technology will be crippling.Multiply that threat to hit not just truckers at extraction sites Add in school bus drivers, municipal bus drivers, cross country bus drivers, delivery drivers, limo drivers, cabdrivers, long haul truckers, and port workers Heck, even throw in any number of construction and retail workers who move goods around, as well as the kid who delivers your pizza President Barack Obamas White House estimated that self driving vehicles could wipe out between 2.2 and 3.1 million jobs And self driving cars are not the only technology on the horizon with the potential to dramatically reduce the need for human work Todays Cassandras are warning that there is scarcely a job out there that is not at risk.If you have recently heard of UBI, there is a good chance that it is because of these driverless cars and the intensifying concern about technological unemployment writ large Elon Musk of Tesla, for instance, has argued that the large scale automation of the transportation sector is imminent Twenty years is a short period of time to have something like 12 to 15 percent of the workforce be unemployed, he said at the World Government Summit in Dubai in 2017 I dont think were going to have a choice, he said of a UBI I think its going to be necessary.In Detroit, that risk felt ominously real The question I wondered about as I wandered the halls of the Cobo Center and spoke with technology investors in Silicon Valley was not whether self driving cars and other advanced technologies would start putting people out of work It was when and what would come next The United States seems totally unprepared for a job loss Armageddon A UBI offers a way to ensure livelihoods, sustain the middle class, and guard against deprivation as extraordinary technological marvels transform our lives and change our world.It goes as far back as the spear, the net, the plow Man invents machine to make life easier machine reduces the need for mans toil Man invents car car puts buggy driver and farrier out of work Man invents robot to help make car robot puts man out of work Man invents self driving car self driving car puts truck driver out of work The fancy economic term for this is technological unemployment, and it is a constant and a given.You did not need to go far from the auto show to see how the miracle of invention goes hand in hand with the tragedy of job destruction Just look at its host city In the early half of the twentieth century, it took a small army or, frankly, a decently sized army to satiate peoples demand for cars In the 1950s, the Big Three automakers GM, Ford, and Chrysler employed than 400,000 people in Michigan alone Today, it takes just a few battalions, with about 160,000 auto employees in the state, total Of course, offshoring and globalization have had a major impact on auto employment in the United States But advancing technology and the falling number of work hours it takes to produce a single vehicle has also been pivotal With less work to go around and few other thriving industries in the area, Detroits population has fallen by than half since the 1950s, decimating its tax base and leaving many of its Art Deco and postmodern buildings boarded up and empty.More broadly, the decline of manufacturing in the United States has hit the whole of the Rust Belt hard, along with parts of the South and New England There were 19.6 million manufacturing jobs in the country in 1979 There were roughly 12.5 million manufacturing jobs as of 2017, even though the population was larger by nearly 100 million people As a result, no region of the United States fared worse economically in the postwar period than the manufacturing mecca of the Midwest, with its share of overall employment dropping from about 45 percent in the 1950s to 27 percent by 2000.Even given these painful dislocations, economists see the job losses created by technological change as being a necessary part of a virtuous process Some workers struggle Some places fail But the economy as a whole thrives The jobs eliminated by machines tend to be lower paying, dangerous, and lower value The jobs created by machines tend to be higher paying, less dangerous, and higher value The economy gets rid of bad jobs while creating better new ones Workers do adjust, if not always easily.In part, they adjust by moving Millions of workers have left Detroit and the Rust Belt, for instance, heading to the sunny service economy of the Southwest or to the oil economy of the Gulf of Mexico They also adjust by switching industries On my way to Detroit, in a moment of Tom Friedman esque folly, I asked the Lyft driver taking me to the Balti airport what he thought of the companys plans to shift to driverless cars and the potential that he would soon be out of a job Its worrisome, he conceded But Im thinking of trying to get some education to become someone to service them Youre not going to just be able to take those cars into the shop, with the regular guys who are used to fixing the old models Youre going to need a technician who knows about software.From a distance, the economy continues to grow and thrive, regardless of all of the pain and churn within Despite the truly astonishing technological advances of the twentieth century, the share of Americans working rose The labor market accommodated many of the men squeezed out of manufacturing, as well the influx of tens of millions of women and millions and millions of immigrants into the workforce When manufacturing went from than a quarter of American employment to just 10 percent, mass unemployment did not result Nor did it when agriculture went from employing 40 percent of the workforce to employing just 2 percent.The idea that machines are about to eliminate the need for human work has been around for a long time, and it has been proven wrong again and again enough times to earn the nickname the Luddite fallacy or lump of labor fallacy In the early nineteenth century, Nottingham textile workers destroyed their looms to demand better work and better wages No need During the Great Depression, John Maynard Keynes surmised that technological advances would put an end to long hours spent in the office, in the field, or at the plant by 2030 Alas, no In 1964, a group of public intellectual activists, among them three Nobel laureates, warned the White House that the combination of the computer and the automated self regulating machine would foster a separate nation of the poor, the unskilled, the jobless Nope Three swings, three misses As the economist Alex Tabarrok puts it, If the Luddite fallacy were true we would all be out of work because productivity has been increasing for two centuries.Still, over and over again I heard the worry that this time it really is different In his farewell address, President Obama augured, The next wave of economic dislocations wont come from overseas It will come from the relentless pace of automation that makes a lot of good, middle class jobs obsolete Magazine covers, books, and cable news segments warn that the robots are coming not just for the truck drivers, but Wall Street traders, hospital diagnosticians, and warehouse workers.In some tellings, the problem is that technology is not creating jobs in the way it once did and is destroying jobs far faster This is the same old story about technological unemployment, on steroids Advancing tech might lead to improvements in living standards and cheaper goods and services But what is so great about having a self driving car if you have no job, your neighbor has no job, and your town is slashing the school budget for the third time in four years What if there is no need for humans, because the robots have gotten so good Detroit again offers a pretty good encapsulation of the argument Cars are undergoing a profound technological shift, transforming from mechanical gadgets to superpowered computers with the potential to revolutionize every facet of transit Billions of dollars are being spent to rush driverless vehicles into the hands of consumers and businesses Yet the total employment gains from this revolutionary technology amount to perhaps a few tens of thousands of jobs Robots are designing and building these new self driving cars, not just driving them That same dynamic is writ large around the country Brick and mortar retailing giant Walmart has 1.5 million employees in the United States, while Web retailing giant had a third as many as of the third quarter of 2017 As famously noted by the futurist Jaron Lanier, at its peak, Kodak employed about 140,000 people when Facebook acquired it, Instagram employed just 13.Lowrey, a journalist who covers economic policy for The Atlantic, musters considerable research to make the case for a universal basic income a government funded cash handout for all New York Times Book ReviewLowrey is a policy person She is interested in working from the concept down Her conscientiously reported book assesses the widespread effects that money and a bit of hope could buy The New YorkerAnnie Lowery has given basic income a wonderful upgrade bringing first hand accounts of struggling workers all over the world A must read as basic income becomes a mainstream idea ForbesA lively introduction to a seemingly quixotic concept that has attracted thinkers from John Stuart Mill to Martin Luther King Jr., and that continues to provoke Publishers WeeklySend everyone a monthly check Eliminate all welfare bureaucracies Even if you dont believe that technology reduces the total number of jobs, the idea of a universal basic income is worth analyzing In this provocative book, Annie Lowrey explores the history, practicality, and philosophical basis of an idea now drawing attention from all points on the political spectrum Walter Isaacson, author of Leonardo da Vinci and Steve Jobs Like it or hate it, the UBI is the biggest social policy idea of the 21st century so far Annie Lowreys book is the best study yet of the worlds experiences with UBI It deserves acclaim and, important, the close attention of policy makers Lawrence H Summers , former Treasury Secretary of the United States Give People Money is extraordinary, and the world has never needed it Annie Lowrey has a talent for making radical ideas feel not just possiblebut necessary This is a book that could change everything Jessica Valenti , author of Sex Objects A Memoir Give People Money is about Universal Basic Income in the way that Moby Dick is about a whale If you want to learn about UBI, read this book If you dont care about UBI, but youre interested in how technology is changing our economy, how the character of work is transforming, what poverty looks like in the US and globally, and how governments might ably aid their citizens, then you really must read this book Shamus Khan, Columbia University, author of Privilege A fantastic introduction to UBI that s both thorough and accessible Albert Wenger, Union Square VenturesA useful primer on a highly contentious topic Kirkus Reviews Lowrey maintains that just like on The Jetsons and Star Trek, we now have the technology to manipulate and redistribute money Perhaps its time to consider a move toward a cashless, and hopefully equitable, global society Booklist Book Review Give People Money forbes Jul , is and I say this with all due seriousness an enjoyable read Gregory Ferenstein the editor of Wire, a syndicated publication on tech, health, politics In his spare time, he teaches Mathematics enjoys Capoeira, Brazilian acrobatic martial art Give Universal basic income book Her new book, Money, exploration how UBI could help address three problems in society disruptive changes labor market, persistent poverty, race gender biases existing support regime As you might guess from my column, book does not change ultimate view by Annie Lowrey About A brilliantly reported, global look at universal stipend given to every citizen why it be answer for our age rising inequality, dazzling technology How Basic Income Could has ratings reviews Nancy said social disease but refers concept that been around very long Explained The city Stockton CA will soon embark bold program test what people do free money Some residents fails make case Lowrey s its Opinion Trump Should Just The giving It method backed extensive research, bipartisan pedigree But administration, which likely oversee better economy newamerica Imagine if month government deposited into your bank account, nothing expected return idea annual stipend, no questions asked become one most influential hotly debated policy ideas time Cyberbegging Sites Get Strangers You Even programs where they give cash when else fails, internet can Here we enter charity, or polarizing terms, cyber panhandling There are millions day, some them willing donate just about any reason I m Giving Away Free Money away money, have ask Yes Really Giving Random Prank Pranks Public Oct CASH IS ALWAYS GOING TO GET SOMEONES ATTENTION EVEN IF ITS FAKE Watch me random suspiciously Deleted Scenes myths Bankrate person many, once over years choice anything limit nets giver percent tax gift, says If want than million lifetime, there way Annual gifts individuals less don t count against lifetime Income Would End Poverty, Revolutionize Work, Remake World Kindle edition Download device, PC, phones tablets Use features like bookmarks, note taking highlighting while reading How To Fix Poverty Why Not Aug Young guys dusty polo shirts New moms holding their babies Grandmas bright head wraps They ve gathered clearing village meetings something remarkable happens Is Okay Parents Silent Treatment Children mentioned before, search terms use find site noticed regularly whether children silent treatment strong opinion this, feel parents should never Much discussion fear radiation misses essential point noise data This important sounds bestAnnie AnnieLowrey Twitter latest Tweets write economic TheAtlantic, wrote Say Wikipedia M born reports Atlantic magazine All Stories Atlantic covers news analysis politics, business, culture, technology, national, international life official Magazine annielowrey Instagram photos videos Followers, Following Posts See videos Recent archived work York Times Archive NYMag View archive articles PenguinRandomHouse necessary Despite What Tells You, Jeff Bezos Wealth Is Despite Sign Of Progress John Tamny September reported AM EST her On week episode podcast, Have Ask, spoke Lowrey, contributing author US Provide America richest civilization history Why, then, living standards so low compared those other wealthy democracies big out solve Give People Money: How a Universal Basic Income Would End Poverty, Revolutionize Work, and Remake the World

 

    • Give People Money: How a Universal Basic Income Would End Poverty, Revolutionize Work, and Remake the World
    • 4.5
    • 848
    • EUR 0,00
    • 1524758760
    • Annie Lowrey
    • Anglais
    • 20 May 2017

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