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ₓ ≩ Altered Traits: Science Reveals How Meditation Changes Your Mind, Brain, and Body list ₦ Ebook By Daniel Goleman ⃘

ₓ  ≩ Altered Traits: Science Reveals How Meditation Changes Your Mind, Brain, and Body list ₦ Ebook By Daniel Goleman ⃘ ₓ ≩ Altered Traits: Science Reveals How Meditation Changes Your Mind, Brain, and Body list ₦ Ebook By Daniel Goleman ⃘ One bright fall morning, Steve Z, a lieutenant colonel working in the Pentagon, heard a crazy, loud noise, and instantly was covered in debris as the ceiling caved in, knocking him to the floor, unconscious It was September 11, 2001, and a passenger jet had smashed into the huge building, very near to Steve s office The debris that buried Steve saved his life as the plane s fuselage exploded, a fireball of flames scouring the open office Despite a concussion, Steve returned to work four days later, laboring through feverish nights, 6 00 p.m to 6 00 a.m., because those were daytime hours in Afghanistan Soon after, he volunteered for a year in Iraq I mainly went to Iraq because I couldn t walk around the Mall without being hypervigilant, wary of how people looked at me, totally on guard, Steve recalls I couldn t get on an elevator, I felt trapped in my car in traffic His symptoms were classic post traumatic stress disorder Then came the day he realized he couldn t handle this on his own Steve ended up with a psychotherapist he still sees She led him, very gently, to try mindfulness Mindfulness, he recalls, gave me something I could do to help feel calm, less stressed, not be so reactive As he practiced , added loving kindness to the mix, and went on retreats, his PTSD symptoms gradually became less frequent, less intense Although his irritability and restlessness still came, he could see them coming Tales like Steve s offer encouraging news about meditation We have been meditators all our adult lives, and, like Steve, know for ourselves that the practice has countless benefits But our scientific backgrounds give us pause, too Not everything chalked up to meditation s magic actually stands up to rigorous tests And so we have set out to make clear what works and what does not Some of what you know about meditation may be wrong But what is true about meditation you may not know Take Steve s story The tale has been repeated in endless variations by countless others who claim to have found relief in meditation methods like mindfulness not just from PTSD but from virtually the entire range of emotional disorders Yet mindfulness, part of an ancient meditation tradition, was not intended to be such a cure this method was only recently adapted as a balm for our modern forms of angst The original aim, embraced in some circles to this day, focuses on a deep exploration of the mind toward a profound alteration of our very being On the other hand, the pragmatic applications of meditation like the mindfulness that helped Steve recover from trauma appeal widely but do not go so deep Because this wide approach has easy access, multitudes have found a way to include at least a bit of meditation into their day There are, then, two paths the deep and the wide Those two paths are often confused with each other, though they differ greatly We see the deep path embodied at two levels in a pure form, for example, in the ancient lineages of Theravada Buddhism as practiced in Southeast Asia, or among Tibetan yogis for whom we ll see some remarkable data in chapter eleven, A Yogi s Brain We ll call this most intensive type of practice Level 1 At Level 2, these traditions have been removed from being part of a total lifestyle monk or yogi, for example and adapted into forms palatable for the West At Level 2, meditation comes in forms that leave behind parts of the original Asian source that might not make the cross cultural journey so easily Then there are the wide approaches At Level 3, a further remove takes these same meditation practices out of their spiritual context and distributes them ever widely as is the case with Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction better known as MBSR , founded by our good friend Jon Kabat Zinn and taught now in thousands of clinics and medical centers, and far beyond Or Transcendental Meditation TM , which offers classic Sanskrit mantras to the modern world in a user friendly format The even widely accessible forms of meditation at Level 4 are, of necessity, the most watered down, all the better to render them handy for the largest number of people The current vogues of mindfulness at your desk, or via minutes long meditation apps, exemplify this level We foresee also a Level 5, one that exists now only in bits and pieces, but which may well increase in number and reach with time At Level 5, the lessons scientists have learned in studying all the other levels will lead to innovations and adaptations that can be of widest benefit a potential we explore in the final chapter, A Healthy Mind The deep transformations of Level 1 fascinated us when we originally encountered meditation Dan studied ancient texts and practiced the methods they describe, particularly during the two years he lived in India and Sri Lanka in his grad school days and just afterward Richie as everyone calls him followed Dan to Asia for a lengthy visit, likewise practicing on retreat there, meeting with meditation scholars and recently has scanned the brains of Olympic level meditators in his lab at the University of Wisconsin Our own meditation practice has been mainly at Level 2 But from the start, the wide path, Levels 3 and 4, has also been important to us Our Asian teachers said if any aspect of meditation could help alleviate suffering, it should be offered to all, not just those on a spiritual search Our doctoral dissertations applied that advice by studying ways meditation could have cognitive and emotional payoffs The story we tell here mirrors our own personal and professional journey We have been close friends and collaborators on the science of meditation since the 1970s, when we met at Harvard during graduate school, and we have both been practitioners of this inner art over all these years although we are nowhere near mastery While we were both trained as psychologists, we bring complementary skills to telling this story Dan is a seasoned science journalist who wrote for the New York Times for than a decade Richie, a neuroscientist, founded and heads the University of Wisconsin s Center for Healthy Minds, in addition to directing the brain imaging laboratory at the Waisman Center there, replete with its own fMRI, PET scanner, and a battery of cutting edge data analysis programs, along with hundreds of servers for the heavy duty computing required for this work His research group numbers than a hundred experts, who range from physicists, statisticians, and computer scientists to neuroscientists and psychologists, as well as scholars of meditative traditions Coauthoring a book can be awkward We ve had some of that, to be sure but whatever drawbacks coauthorship brought us has been vastly overshadowed by the sheer delight we find in working together We ve been best friends for decades but labored separately over most of our careers This book has brought us together again, always a joy You are holding the book we had always wanted to write but could not The science and the data we needed to support our ideas have only recently matured Now that both have reached a critical mass, we are delighted to share this Our joy also comes from our sense of a shared, meaningful mission we aim to shift the conversation with a radical reinterpretation of what the actual benefits of meditation are and are not and what the true aim of practice has always been The Deep Path After his return from India in the fall of 1974, Richie was in a seminar on psychopathology back at Harvard Richie, with long hair and attire in keeping with the zeitgeist of Cambridge in those times including a colorful woven sash that he wore as a belt was startled when his professor said, One clue to schizophrenia is the bizarre way a person dresses, giving Richie a meaningful glance And when Richie told one of his Harvard professors that he wanted to focus his dissertation on meditation, the blunt response came immediately that would be a career ending move Dan set out to research the impacts of meditation that uses a mantra On hearing this, one of his clinical psychology professors asked with suspicion, How is a mantra any different from my obsessive patients who can t stop saying shit shit shit The explanation that the expletives are involuntary in the psychopathology, while the silent mantra repetition is a voluntary and intentional focusing device, did little to placate him These reactions were typical of the opposition we faced from our department heads, who were still responding with knee jerk negativity toward anything to do with consciousness perhaps a mild form of PTSD after the notorious debacle involving Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert Leary and Alpert had been very publicly ousted from our department in a brouhaha over letting Harvard undergrads experiment with psychedelics This was some five years before we arrived, but the echoes lingered Despite our academic mentors seeing our meditation research as a blind alley, our hearts told us this was of compelling import We had a big idea beyond the pleasant states meditation can produce, the real payoffs are the lasting traits that can result An altered trait a new characteristic that arises from a meditation practice endures apart from meditation itself Altered traits shape how we behave in our daily lives, not just during or immediately after we meditate The concept of altered traits has been a lifelong pursuit, each of us playing synergistic roles in the unfolding of this story There were Dan s years in India as an early participant observer in the Asian roots of these mind altering methods And on Dan s return to America he was a not so successful transmitter to contemporary psychology of beneficial changes from meditation and the ancient working models for achieving them Richie s own experiences with meditation led to decades pursuing the science that supports our theory of altered traits His research group has now generated the data that lend credence to what could otherwise seem mere fanciful tales And by leading the creation of a fledgling research field, contemplative neuroscience, he has been grooming a coming generation of scientists whose work builds on and adds to this evidence In the wake of the tsunami of excitement over the wide path, the alternate route so often gets missed that is, the deep path, which has always been the true goal of meditation As we see it, the most compelling impacts of meditation are not better health or sharper business performance but, rather, a further reach toward our better nature A stream of findings from the deep path markedly boosts science s models of the upper limits of our positive potential The further reaches of the deep path cultivate enduring qualities like selflessness, equanimity, a loving presence, and impartial compassion highly positive altered traits When we began, this seemed big news for modern psychology if it would listen Admittedly, at first the concept of altered traits had scant backing save for the gut feelings we had from meeting highly seasoned practitioners in Asia, the claims of ancient meditation texts, and our own fledgling tries at this inner art Now, after decades of silence and disregard, the last few years have seen ample findings that bear out our early hunch Only of late have the scientific data reached critical mass, confirming what our intuition and the texts told us these deep changes are external signs of strikingly different brain function Much of that data comes from Richie s lab, the only scientific center that has gathered findings on dozens of contemplative masters, mainly Tibetan yogis the largest pool of deep practitioners studied anywhere These unlikely research partners have been crucial in building a scientific case for the existence of a way of being that has eluded modern thought, though it was hiding in plain sight as a goal of the world s major spiritual traditions Now we can share scientific confirmation of these profound alterations of being a transformation that dramatically ups the limits on psychological science s ideas of human possibility The very idea of awakening the goal of the deep path seems a quaint fairy tale to a modern sensibility Yet data from Richie s lab, some just being published in journals as this book goes to press, confirm that remarkable, positive alterations in brain and behavior along the lines of those long described for the deep path are not a myth but a reality The Wide Path We have both been longtime board members of the Mind and Life Institute, formed initially to create intensive dialogues between the Dalai Lama and scientists on wide ranging topics In 2000 we organized one on destructive emotions, with several top experts on emotions, including Richie Midway through that dialogue the Dalai Lama, turning to Richie, made a provocative challenge His own tradition, the Dalai Lama observed, had a wide array of time tested practices for taming destructive emotions So, he urged, take these methods into the laboratory in forms freed from religious trappings, test them rigorously, and if they can help people lessen their destructive emotions, then spread them widely to all who might benefit That fired us up Over dinner that night and several nights following we began to plot the general course of the research we report in this book The Dalai Lama s challenge led Richie to refocus the formidable power of his lab to assess both the deep and the wide paths And, as founding director of the Center for Healthy Minds, Richie has spurred work on useful, evidence based applications suitable for schools, clinics, businesses, even for cops for anyone, anywhere, ranging from a kindness program for preschoolers to treatments for veterans with PTSD The Dalai Lama s urging catalyzed studies that support the wide path in scientific terms, a vernacular welcomed around the globe Meanwhile the wide way has gone viral, becoming the stuff of blogs, tweets, and snappy apps For instance, as we write this, a wave of enthusiasm surrounds mindfulness, and hundreds of thousands maybe millions now practice the method But viewing mindfulness or any variety of meditation through a scientific lens starts with questions like When does it work, and when does it not Will this method help everyone Are its benefits any different from, say, exercise These are among the questions that brought us to write this book Meditation is a catch all word for myriad varieties of contemplative practice, just as sports refers to a wide range of athletic activities For both sports and meditation, the end results vary depending on what you actually do Some practical advice for those about to start a meditation practice, or who have been grazing among several, keep in mind that as with gaining skill in a given sport, finding a meditation practice that appeals to you and sticking with it will have the greatest benefits Just find one to try, decide on the amount of time each day you can realistically practice daily even as short as a few minutes try it for a month, and see how you feel after those thirty days.A happy synthesis of the authors remarkable careers, which grew from the intuition they shared as students that there was something deep and transformative about meditation, Altered Traitstells the story of what has been discovered since and why it matters critically at this moment on the planet.Jon Kabat Zinn, author of Full Catastrophe Livingand Mindfulness for BeginnersThis exquisite duet between a down to earth science writer and path breaking neuroscientist is a tour de force, revealing how training the mind can transform the brain and our sense of self, inspiring us to create a greater sense of well being, meaning, and connection in our world .Bravo Daniel J Siegel, M.D., author of the New York Times best sellers, Mindsight and Brainstorm This is a book that really can change your life Daniel Goleman and Richard Davidson not only show the power of meditation, but also the smartest way to practice for the maximum possible benefit Altered Traits is your roadmap to a mindful, compassionate, fulfilling life who doesnt want that Arianna Huffington, author of the New York Times best seller The Sleep RevolutionHere is a message that is both powerful and joyful Daniel Goleman and Richard Davidson reveal groundbreaking science showing how mindfulness and compassion practices can help each of us individually and thus the entire planet One of the most exciting books I have read Chade Meng Tan, author of the New York Times best sellers, Joy on Demand and Search Inside Yourself In this engaging and well researched book, Goleman and Davidson help us sort out the many claims now being made about the benefits of meditation Drawing on their own long personal meditative experience and the ever increasing number of scientific studies, Altered Traitsbreaks new ground in illuminating the power of meditation to transform our lives Joseph Goldstein, author of Mindfulness A Practical Guide to AwakeningOne of the worlds most eminent psychological scientists and most gifted science writers have written the definitive book on the science of meditation Rigorously researched and deeply illuminating, Altered Traits is a must read for anyone interested in the hidden potential of the human mind.Daniel Gilbert, PhD, author of the New York Times best seller Stumbling on HappinessA remarkable collaboration between two brilliant and courageous pioneers, Altered Traits shares the scientific basis and practical realities of the remarkable impact meditation has on altering the mind As I have personally experienced, regular meditation practice brings compassion, calm, and clarity for all of us, from beginners to experienced practitioners.Bill George, Senior Fellow, Harvard Business School former Chair CEO, Medtronic and author of Discover Your True North Altered Traits is an informative book that is sure to be controversial Highly recommended Success Magazine Altered Traits Science Reveals How Meditation Changes Buy Altered Your Mind, Brain, and Body on FREE SHIPPING qualified orders The of to Change Mind is the joint effort two highly respected figures in world neuroscience science journalism, Richard Davidson Daniel Goleman, respectively genetically modified organism Definition, Examples Genetically organism, whose genome has been engineered laboratory order favor expression desired physiological traits or production biological products Learn about development uses genetically organisms this article Personality Personality Types What Personality Speaking experimental drug use, California s try anything culture no myth A study personality across United States released found that openness most prevalent Science AAAS To Get Published The strength its online journal sites rests with strengths community authors, who provide cutting edge research, incisive scientific commentary, insights what important learn how get published any our journals, visit guide for contributors, page each Genetics fiction Wikipedia Aspects genetics including mutation, hybridisation, cloning, genetic engineering, eugenics have appeared since th century Genetics a young science, having started rediscovery Gregor Mendel inheritance pea plants During it developed create new sciences technologies molecular biology Genetically babies given go ahead by UK ethics creation DNA altered give them parents perceive be best chances life received cautious green light landmark report from leading Is meditation associated brain structure Numerous studies begun address gray white matter may shaped This research yet integrated, however, fundamental questions remain Is state consciousness An ASC , also called mind alteration, condition which significantly different normal waking stateBy was use relation hypnosis although an ongoing debate as based modern definition exists next retrievable instance, Dr Max Mailhouse his presentation Daniel Goleman born March author journalistFor twelve years, he wrote New York Times, reporting behavioral sciencesHis book Emotional Intelligence Times Best About Goleman California, psychologist journalist selling Member Consortium Website danielgolemanfo Email contact Biography lectures frequently business audiences, professional groups college campuses many years reported previously visiting faculty member at Harvard recent books are Brain Why aren t we compassionate TED Talk Intelligence, asks why time Emotional It Can Matter More Than IQ shipping qualifying offers Everyone knows high guarantee success, happiness, virtue, but until Key Step Media internationally known groups, Leadership Power Sep I recently had pleasure catching up Professionals Need Focus Oct five components emotional intelligence intelligence psychological theory, Peter Salovey John Mayer ability emotions, access generate emotions so assist thought, understand knowledge, reflectively regulate promote EI leadership EL quotient EQ Quotient EIQ capability individuals recognize their own those others, discern between feelings label appropriately, information thinking behavior, manage adjust adapt environments Altered Traits: Science Reveals How Meditation Changes Your Mind, Brain, and Body

 

    • Altered Traits: Science Reveals How Meditation Changes Your Mind, Brain, and Body
    • 1.1
    • 20
    • Format Kindle
    • 336 pages
    • Daniel Goleman
    • Anglais
    • 05 May 2016

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