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⑃ [PDF]-Free Download Good Calories, Bad Calories: Fats, Carbs, and the Controversial Science of Diet and Health ⑪ Kindle By Gary Taubes ━

⑃ [PDF]-Free Download Good Calories, Bad Calories: Fats, Carbs, and the Controversial Science of Diet and Health ⑪ Kindle By Gary Taubes ━ ⑃ [PDF]-Free Download Good Calories, Bad Calories: Fats, Carbs, and the Controversial Science of Diet and Health ⑪ Kindle By Gary Taubes ━ Prologue A Brief History of Banting Farinaceous and vegetable foods are fattening, and saccharine matters are especially so.In sugar growing countries the negroes and cattle employed on the plantations grow remarkably stout while the cane is being gathered and the sugar extracted During this harvest the saccharine juices are freely consumed but when the season is over, the superabundant adipose tissue is gradually lost.Thomas Hawkes Tanner, The Practice of Medicine, 1869William Banting was a fat man In 1862, at age sixty six, the five foot five Banting, or Mr Banting of corpulence notoriety, as the British Medical Journal would later call him, weighed in at over two hundred pounds Although no very great size or weight, Banting wrote, still I could not stoop to tie my shoe, so to speak, nor attend to the little offices humanity requires without considerable pain and difficulty, which only the corpulent can understand Banting was recently retired from his job as an upscale London undertaker he had no family history of obesity, nor did he consider himself either lazy, inactive, or given to excessive indulgence at the table Nonetheless, corpulence had crept up on him in his thirties, as with many of us today, despite his best efforts He took up daily rowing and gained muscular vigor, a prodigious appetite, and yet weight He cut back on calories, which failed to induce weight loss but did leave him exhausted and beset by boils He tried walking, riding horseback, and manual labor His weight increased He consulted the best doctors of his day He tried purgatives and diuretics His weight increased.Luckily for Banting, he eventually consulted an aural surgeon named William Harvey, who had recently been to Paris, where he had heard the great physiologist Claude Bernard lecture on diabetes The liver secretes glucose, the substance of both sugar and starch, Bernard had reported, and it was this glucose that accumulates excessively in the bloodstream of diabetics Harvey then formulated a dietary regimen based on Bernards revelations It was well known, Harvey later explained, that a diet of only meat and dairy would check the secretion of sugar in the urine of a diabetic This in turn suggested that complete abstinence from sugars and starches might do the same Knowing too that a saccharine and farinaceous diet is used to fatten certain animals, Harvey wrote, and that in diabetes the whole of the fat of the body rapidly disappears, it occurred to me that excessive obesity might be allied to diabetes as to its cause, although widely diverse in its development and that if a purely animal diet were useful in the latter disease, a combination of animal food with such vegetable diet as contained neither sugar nor starch, might serve to arrest the undue formation of fat.Harvey prescribed the regimen to Banting, who began dieting in August 1862 He ate three meals a day of meat, fish, or game, usually five or six ounces at a meal, with an ounce or two of stale toast or cooked fruit on the side He had his evening tea with a few ounces of fruit or toast He scrupulously avoided any other food that might contain either sugar or starch, in particular bread, milk, beer, sweets, and potatoes Despite a considerable allowance of alcohol in Bantings regimenfour or five glasses of wine each day, a cordial every morning, and an evening tumbler of gin, whisky, or brandyBanting dropped thirty five pounds by the following May and fifty pounds by early 1864 I have not felt better in health than now for the last twenty six years, he wrote My other bodily ailments have become mere matters of history.We know this because Banting published a sixteen page pamphlet describing his dietary experience in 1863 Letter on Corpulence, Addressed to the Publicpromptly launching the first popular diet craze, known farther and wider than Banting could have imagined as Bantingism His Letter on Corpulence was widely translated and sold particularly well in the United States, Germany, Austria, and France, where according to the British Medical Journal, the emperor of the French is trying the Banting system and is said to have already profited greatly thereby Within a year, Banting had entered the English language as a verb meaning to diet If he is gouty, obese, and nervous, we strongly recommend him to bant, suggested the Pall Mall Gazette in June 1865.The medical community of Bantings day didnt quite know what to make of him or his diet Correspondents to the British Medical Journal seemed occasionally open minded, albeit suitably skeptical a formal paper was presented on the efficacy and safety of Bantings diet at the 1864 meeting of the British Medical Association Others did what members of established societies often do when confronted with a radical new concept they attacked both the message and the messenger The editors of The Lancet, which is to the BMJ what Newsweek is to Time, were particularly ruthless First, they insisted that Bantings diet was old news, which it was, although Banting never claimed otherwise The medical literature, wrote The Lancet, is tolerably complete, and supplies abundant evidence that all which Mr Banting advises has been written over and over again Banting responded that this might well have been so, but it was news to him and other corpulent individuals.In fact, Banting properly acknowledged his medical adviser Harvey, and in later editions of his pamphlet he apologized for not being familiar with the three Frenchmen who probably should have gotten credit Claude Bernard, Jean Anthelme Brillat Savarin, and Jean Franois Dancel Banting neglected to mention his countrymen Alfred William Moore and John Harvey, who published treatises on similar meaty, starch free diets in 1860 and 1861 respectively Brillat Savarin had been a lawyer and gourmand who wrote what may be the single most famous book ever written about food, The Physiology of Taste, first published in 1825 In it, Brillat Savarin claimed that he could easily identify the cause of obesity after thirty years of talking with one fat or particularly fat individual after another who proclaimed the joys of bread, rice, and potatoes He added that the effects of this intake were exacerbated when sugar was consumed as well His recommended reducing diet, not surprisingly, was or less rigid abstinence from everything that is starchy or floury.Dancel was a physician and former military surgeon who publicly presented his ideas on obesity in 1844 to the French Academy of Sciences and then published a popular treatise, Obesity, or Excessive Corpulence, The Various Causes and the Rational Means of Cure Dancels thinking was based in part on the research of the German chemist Justus von Liebig, who, at the time, was defending his belief that fat is formed in animals primarily from the ingestion of fats, starches, and sugars, and that protein is used exclusively for the restoration or creation of muscular tissue All food which is not fleshall food rich in carbon and hydrogenmust have a tendency to produce fat, wrote Dancel Upon these principles only can any rational treatment for the cure of obesity satisfactorily rest Dancel also noted that carnivores are never fat, whereas herbivores, living exclusively on plants, often are The hippopotamus, for example, wrote Dancel, so uncouth in form from its immense amount of fat, feeds wholly upon vegetable matterrice, millet, sugar cane, c.The second primary grievance that The Lancets editors had with Banting, which has been echoed by critics of such diets ever since, was that his diet could be dangerous, and particularly so for the credibility of those physicians who did not embrace his ideas We advise Mr Banting, and everyone of his kind, not to meddle with medical literature again, but be content to mind his own business, The Lancet said When Bantingism showed little sign of fading from the scene, however, The Lancets editors adopted a scientific approach They suggested that a fair trial be given to Bantings diet and to the supposition that the sugary and starchy elements of food be really the chief cause of undue corpulence.Bantings diet plays a pivotal role in the science of obesityand, in fact, chronic diseasefor two reasons First, if the diet worked, if it actually helped people lose weight safely and keep it off, then that is worth knowing More important, knowing whether the sugary and starchy elements of food are really the chief cause of undue corpulence is as vital to the public health as knowing, for example, that cigarettes cause lung cancer, or that HIV causes AIDS If we choose to quit smoking to avoid the former, or to use condoms or abstinence to avoid the latter, that is our choice The scientific obligation is first to establish the cause of the disease beyond reasonable doubt It is easy to insist, as public health authorities inevitably have, that calories count and obesity must be caused by overeating or sedentary behavior, but it tells us remarkably little about the underlying process of weight regulation and obesity To attribute obesity to overeating, as the Harvard nutritionist Jean Mayer suggested back in 1968, is as meaningful as to account for alcoholism by ascribing it to overdrinking After the publication of Bantings Letter on Corpulence, his diet spawned a centurys worth of variations By the turn of the twentieth century, when the renowned physician Sir William Osler discussed the treatment of obesity in his textbook The Principles and Practice of Medicine, he listed Bantings method and versions by the German clinicians Max Joseph Oertel and Wilhelm Ebstein Oertel, director of a Munich sanitorium, prescribed a diet that featured lean beef, veal, or mutton, and eggs overall, his regimen was restrictive of fats than Bantings and a little lenient with vegetables and bread When the 244 pound Prince Otto von Bismarck lost sixty pounds in under a year, it was with Oertels regimen Ebstein, a professor of medicine at the University of Gttingen and author of the 1882 monograph Obesity and Its Treatment, insisted that fatty foods were crucial because they increased satiety and so decreased fat accumulation Ebsteins diet allowed no sugar, no sweets, no potatoes, limited bread, and a few green vegetables, but of meat every kind may be eaten, and fat meat especially As for Osler himself, he advised obese women to avoid taking too much food, and particularly to reduce the starches and sugars.The two constants over the years were the ideas that starches and sugarsi.e., carbohydratesmust be minimized to reduce weight, and that meat, fish, or fowl would constitute the bulk of the diet When seven prominent British clinicians, led by Raymond Greene brother of the novelist Graham Greene , published a textbook entitled The Practice of Endocrinology in 1951, their prescribed diet for obesity was almost identical to that recommended by Banting, and that which would be prescribed by such iconoclasts as Herman Taller and Robert Atkins in the United States ten and twenty years later Foods to be avoided 1 Bread, and everything else made with flour .2 Cereals, including breakfast cereals and milk puddings3 Potatoes and all other white root vegetables4 Foods containing much sugar5 All sweets You can eat as much as you like of the following foods 1 Meat, fish, birds2 All green vegetables3 Eggs, dried or fresh4 Cheese5 Fruit, if unsweetened or sweetened with saccharin, except bananas and grapesThe great progress in dietary control of obesity, wrote Hilde Bruch, considered the foremost authority on childhood obesity, in 1957, was the recognition that meat was not fat producing but that it was the innocent foodstuffs, such as bread and sweets, which lead to obesity.The scientific rationale behind this supposed cause and effect was based on observation, experimental evidence, and maybe the collected epiphanies and anecdotes of those who had successfully managed to bant The overappropriation of nourishment seen in obesity is derived in part from the fat ingested with the food, but particularly from the carbohydrates, noted James French in 1907 in his Textbook of the Practice of Medicine Copious opinions were offered, but no specific hypotheses In his 1940 monograph Obesity and Leanness, Hugo Rony, director of the Endocrinology Clinic at the Northwestern University Medical School in Chicago, reported that he had carefully questioned fifty of his obese patients, and forty one professed a or less marked preference for starchy and sweet foods only 1 patient claimed preference for fatty foods Rony had one unusual patient, an extremely obese laundress, who had no taste for sweets, but a craving for laundry starch which she used to eat by the handful, as much as a pound a day So maybe carbohydrates are fattening because thats what those with a tendency to gain weight eat to excess.To others, carbohydrates carry some inherent quality that makes them uniquely fattening Maybe they induce a continued sensation of hunger, or even a specific hunger for carbohydrates Maybe they induce less satiation per calorie consumed Maybe they somehow cause the human body to preferentially store away calories as fat In Great Britain obesity is probably common among poor women than among the rich, Sir Stanley Davidson and Reginald Pass wrote in the early 1960s in their classic textbook Human Nutrition and Dietetics, perhaps because foods rich in fat and protein, which satisfy appetite readily than carbohydrates, are expensive than the starchy foods which provide the bulk of cheap meals.This belief in the fattening powers of carbohydrates can be found in literature as well In Tolstoys Anna Karenina, for instance, written in the mid 1870s, Annas lover, Count Vronsky, abstains from starches and sweets in preparation for what turns out to be the climactic horse race On the day of the races at Krasnoe Selo, writes Tolstoy, Vronsky had come earlier than usual to eat beefsteak in the officers mess of the regiment He had no need to be in strict training, as he had very quickly been brought down to the required weight of one hundred and sixty pounds, but still he had to avoid gaining weight, and he avoided starchy foods and desserts In Giuseppe di Lampedusas The Leopard, published in 1958, the protagonist, Prince Fabrizio, expresses his distaste for the plump young ladies of Palermo, while blaming their condition on, among other factors, the dearth of proteins and the overabundance of starch in the food.This was what Dr Spock taught our parents and our grandparents in the first five decades, six editions, and almost 50 million copies of Baby and Child Care, the bible of child rearing in the latter half of the twentieth century Rich desserts, Spock wrote, and the amount of plain, starchy foods cereals, breads, potatoes taken is what determines, in the case of most people, how much weight they gain or lose Its what my Brooklyn born mother taught me forty odd years ago If we eat too much bread or too much spaghetti, we will get fat The same, of course, is true of sweets For over a century, this was the common wisdom All popular slimming regimes involve a restriction in dietary carbohydrate, wrote Davidson and Pass in Human Nutrition and Dietetics, offering this advice The intake of foods rich in carbohydrate should be drastically reduced since over indulgence in such foods is the most common cause of obesity The first thing most Americans do when they decide to shed unwanted pounds is to cut out bread, pass up the potatoes and rice, and cross spaghetti dinners off the menu entirely, wrote the New York Times personal health reporter, Jane Brody, in her 1985 best selling Good Food Book. When the first American edition of The Physiology of Taste was published in 1865, it was entitled The Handbook of Dining, or Corpulence and Leanness Scientifically Considered, perhaps to capitalize on the Banting craze Endocrinology is the study of the glands that secrete hormones and the hormones themselves From the Hardcover edition.A vitally important book, destined to change the way we think about food Michael Pollan, author of In Defense of FoodGary Taubes is a brave and bold science journalist who does not accept conventional wisdom The New York TimesA very important book Dr Andrew Weil Brilliant and enlightening Taubes is a relentless researcher The Washington PostEasily the most important book on diet and health to be published in the past one hundred years It is clear, fast paced and exciting to read, rigorous, authoritative, and a beacon of hope for all those who struggle with problems of weight regulation and general health Richard RhodesA watershed Lucid and lively It could literally change the way you eat, the way you look and how long you live Minneapolis Star TribuneTaubes tackles the subject with the seriousness and scientific insight it deserves, building a devastating case against the low fat, high carb way of life endorsed by so many nutrition experts in recent years Barbara Ehrenreich Good Calories, Bad Calories Kindle Edition This is an incredible book that, for me, completely redefined what constituted a healthy diet I believed the calories in out model of dieting that is, if you consume than expend, will put on weight, and lose weight by expending Gary Taubes Author The Case Against Sugar, Why We Get Fat Good Fats, Carbs, Farinaceous vegetable foods are fattening, saccharine matters especially soIn sugar growing countries negroes cattle employed plantations grow remarkably stout while cane being gathered extracted During this harvest juices Fats vs Skinny WebMD How fats fit into your The truth about good, bad, trans bad you, polyunsaturated monounsaturated good saturated somewhere between For years, fat was four letter word Good, Ugly About Oils UC Davis Integrative NO OIL Not even olive oil, which goes against lot other advice there so called Both contained oils harmful to endothelium, innermost lining artery, injury gateway vascular disease Are Bagels or LIVESTRONG It impossible make blanket statement all bagels If eat too many bagels, they can be Carbs Simple Complex, High Low Glycemic, Bad Aside from misinformed dumb people spreading myths daily carb intake, think main reason carbs confuse much because different ways describe categorize them example Healthy unhealthy Slow fast complex recipes BBC Food yet still satisfying our pick prove don t need indulge high calorie enjoy food What difference have positive health benefits but negative impact one s Learn contain best body Nutrition Livestrong An unbalanced may certain nutrients lack others example, refined processed foods, such as snack desserts, candy soda, contains excess amount sugar, fat, sodium List Carbs Eating SF Gate Jul , Fruits vegetables loaded with vitamins, carbohydrates People who per day should cups fruit A Guide Choosing Health heart Here skip when it comes intermittent fasting Sweat Like A Pig Benefits include increased metabolic rate, extended lifespan protection type diabetes Gary GARY TAUBES cofounder senior scientific advisor Science Initiative NuSI He award winning science journalist, author former staff writer Discover correspondent journal His writing has also appeared New York Times Magazine, Atlantic, Esquire, WebMD knows important part these fats, including how kind eating Carbohydrates become them, particularly According Centers Disease Control Prevention, needs break down glucose, simple molecule provides fuel Food UK number brand Whether re looking guides, family projects meal plans, latest gadget reviews, foodie travel inspiration just perfect recipe dinner tonight, we here help provide glucose function properly Two types exist Foods rich take time right Too us cut willy nilly replace carbs, miss says Suzanne Conclusions In my experience, believe most respond physically mentally five meals dayWhile macronutrients vary according activity level each training days rest days, aim keep their pretty consistent Coconut Bianca Nogrady Mixed messages abound coconut Is fatty treat, eaten care Or miracle food, some websites claimGary Taubes Controversial Diet Health FREE shipping qualifying offers decades been taught us, better, key less exercising Yet despite Talks at Google YouTube May spoke Googlers Mountain View his And What Do eye opening, myth shattering examination makes Fat MOST convenient online database follow recommendations Sugar Barnes Noble ScienceHis included numerous Best anthologies, American Writing All Been Big Lie Times article medical establishment caused nation obesity epidemic recommending low NuSI Non Profit Organization Has Netted Last week wrote recently announced results ward study, tested highly hyped advantage theory theory, world already accepted gospel like tenet, diets cause greater loss isocaloric higher Struggles Million Crusade Editor note Since story publication WIRED made several clarifications corrections, described bottom piece On Monday night begin Diabetes Stories, News, Expert Advice HealthCentral Find stories, news, expert symptoms, treatment, prevention Good Calories, Bad Calories: Fats, Carbs, and the Controversial Science of Diet and Health

 

    • Good Calories, Bad Calories: Fats, Carbs, and the Controversial Science of Diet and Health
    • 1.3
    • 47
    • Format Kindle
    • 640 pages
    • 1400033462
    • Gary Taubes
    • Anglais
    • 07 January 2017

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