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᠖ בֿ The Art of the Interview: Lessons from a Master of the Craft hare ᡎ Author Lawrence Grobel ᢎ

᠖  בֿ The Art of the Interview: Lessons from a Master of the Craft hare ᡎ Author Lawrence Grobel ᢎ ᠖ בֿ The Art of the Interview: Lessons from a Master of the Craft hare ᡎ Author Lawrence Grobel ᢎ 1 Kinds of InterviewsPrint Books Radio Documentaries Television.A good interview should have the character of a good novel Harrison SalisburyIt s hard to imagine how a nonfiction book, newspaper, magazine, or radio or television talk show or news show could exist without interviews One person asking another a question in search of an answer, looking for information, or an anecdote, or some shared gossip An interview is the interaction between people Most are one on one, but there are roundtable interviews and group interviews I once interviewed a high school marching band inside their school gym I d ask a question and point to someone, or someone would raise a hand to respond Another time I interviewed two dozen performance artists in my living room, feeling very much the performer as I tried to ask provocative questions to already provocative artists.The work of interviewers is everywhere.Pumla Gobodo Madikizela, a clinical psychologist, wrote a book called A Human Being Died That Night A South African Story of Forgiveness She went to Pretoria Prison to interview Eugene de Kock in 1997 for his role in the killing of three black policemen who had died when a bomb exploded in their car De Kock was a reviled man He had led a death squad and had tortured black South Africans She spent six months interviewing de Kock, and then she interviewed the family of victims to prepare them for testifying at the Truth and Reconciliation trials Her task could not have been an easy one.Barry Mile s biography of Allen Ginsberg, Gerald Clarke s of Truman Capote, and Ted Morgan s of William S Burroughs could not have existed without the interviews these writers did as part of their research Each had access to his subject, as well as to the people who knew their subject On the other hand, Richard Ellman never interviewed Oscar Wilde or James Joyce, A Scott Berg never personally spoke with Max Perkins, Samuel Goldwyn, or Charles Lindbergh, Norman Mailer never talked to Gary Gil, David King Dunaway didn t know Aldous Huxley, Albrecht Folsing didn t interview Albert Einstein, Jeffrey Meyers didn t live at the time of Joseph Conrad, nor Neil Baldwin when he wrote about Thomas Edison And yet these writers wrote biographies of these subjects, using whatever interviews and articles that existed about them, and talking to people who could enhance their portraits of them.One could list practically every biography ever written and make the same point that even if the subject lived a thousand years ago, there is only so much research one can do before feeling the need to talk to someone about that subject a scholar, a friend, an enemy, anyone who has passion about or insight into the person one is trying to uncover And that need to talk is a need to interview Can you imagine a Studs Terkel book that didn t involve his asking questions and someone providing answers To get the story right, one must know what to ask, how to ask, and how to listen to the answers Without the inclusion of well done interviews, you d still have fiction, sitcoms, dramas, and music, but when it comes to nonfiction, so called reality TV, and National Public Radio there would be very little to read, watch, or listen to Print The most in depth interviews usually appear in print in newspapers, magazines, books, or online Makes sense Print allows space than radio or television You can condense most TV interviews into a few paragraphs of print As you will see in other chapters of this book, there is to a printed interview than transcribing what has been said and handing it to your editor Just as most writing involves rewriting, all interviews demand editing Words, sentences, and paragraphs will have to be moved around, cleaned up, reduced, or deleted And almost all interviews done these days in any medium are recorded for the simple reason that the technology exists and legal departments demand accuracy.When Norman Mailer was asked how he felt about being interviewed, he said he always sat down with a general sense of woe, because the interviewer serves up one percent of himself in the questions and the man who answers has to give back ninety nine percent I feel exploited the moment I step into an interview Of course, once in a while there is such a thing as a good interview but even then, the tape recorder eats up half the mood It isn t the interview I really dislike so much as the tape recorder.Truman Capote hated tape recorders and told me he never worked with one though I suspect his aversion might have had something to do with a general antipathy to electronics, a fear of pressing the wrong button Play instead of Record When he was conducting his interviews for In Cold Blood, or when he interviewed Marlon Brando in Japan during the making of Sayonara, he relied on his memory He said he would go back to his room and write down everything that his subjects said, filling filing cabinets with his notes and research He was meticulous, he was slow it took him a year to write the Brando profile , but he had a good ear, and few complained that he misquoted them.Lillian Ross prefers to listen carefully and take notes Nicholas Pileggi and Thomas Morgan also don t like tape recorders.For Pileggi, who wrote the book Wise Guy Life in a Mafia Family which was the basis for Martin Scorsese s GoodFellas and worked for Esquire and New York, the problem with a tape recorder is that it exhausts you It s stronger than you are It throws all that stuff back at you in exactly the same way And if you try to fast forward it, you feel you ve missed something Before you know it, you re going bananas and you re spending all your time with the tape recorder.Morgan, who has published nonfiction and fiction, and wrote for Harper s, Look, Esquire, and Holiday, feels it s inhibiting The interviewee is inhibited by the fact that he s on record in a way that he doesn t feel when you re sitting there scribbling away Part of that, of course, is understandable because he can always say, You got it down wrong Exactly I once did a story about mail order entrepreneurs and spoke to the owner of a business who proudly showed me a book he published for 60 cents and sold for 9 When the article came out, he called my editor and denied he had said the things I had him saying I was in Florida on another assignment when my editor called to warn me He s threatening to sue us Let him, I said, it s all on tape The businessman must have had a lapse of memory and forgot that I was recording our conversation, because once he was reminded he withdrew his complaints.A similar thing happened some years later when I interviewed Vincent Bugliosi for Playboy This was after O J Simpson had apparently gotten away with murder or so many people, including Bugliosi, thought and the former L.A prosecutor had a lot to say about that and other matters But while the interview was still in galleys Bugliosi managed to obtain a copy and let the powers that be at the magazine know that he didn t say any of the things I had him saying He was so upset that he crossed out most of the interview and rewrote his answers My editor called to ask me if everything I had Bugliosi saying was on tape I said it was He then told me what Bugliosi had done and I said that if Bugliosi was allowed to change our interview then I wanted my name removed this had already happened once before, I later found out, when Bugliosi was interviewed by David Sheff and Sheff had his name removed from the final piece In the end, Playboy published the interview as I had given it to them I never heard from Bugliosi, and if I was ever asked to interview him again, I would politely decline.The first celebrity I ever interviewed, Mae West, wouldn t let me use a tape recorder When I took it out, I might just as well have unzipped my fly the look of shock on her face was that succinct Oh no, oh no, you can t use that, put it away.But this is an interview, I stammered My first such interview for Newsday s Sunday magazine Don t you want me to be accurate I once allowed one of those to be used, she told me in that famous nasal tone, and the reporter made a record out of it I won t let that happen again.Can I sign something that says I won t turn our conversation into a record I asked She had caught me completely off guard with her insistence that there be no recording of our interview.Just put it away, she said, and ask me your questions.Luckily I had taken a pad with me, because I filled it up that day I worked through the night to try and get her voice right when I wrote the story.Ray Stark, who produced four of John Huston s movies, also had an aversion to having his voice captured on tape When I went to talk to him about The Night of the Iguana, Reflections in a Golden Eye, Fat City, and Annie for my book The Hustons, he looked at my tape recorder as if it was rotted meat I can use a pad, I told him, but I don t understand why you wouldn t want to insure being quoted accurately.I just don t like those things, he said But after he warmed up to talking he allowed me to turn it on.Ava Gardner, who was in The Night of the Iguana, also hated tape recorders When I went to see her in London she told me she couldn t talk with a tape recorder on the coffee table between us It made her too self conscious So I put the machine under the table, out of her sight, and that seemed to work.Three people I ve interviewed pulled out tape recorders of their own Jerry Lewis, George C Scott, and Elizabeth Hurley They didn t trust journalists and felt they were misquoted in the past I do this because I ve been fucked, Lewis told me And I don t like getting fucked by reporters Hurley said after being involved in a lawsuit against a tabloid she was under instruction from her lawyer to record everything she said to the media Scott never gave a reason for his taping he just turned his machine on, then drank his Bloody Marys and forgot all about it He never turned the tape over or bothered changing tapes during the many hours we spent on two coasts talking Though I respect the work of Capote, Pileggi, and Morgan, I don t agree with them about tape recorders I also don t think a good journalist should solely rely on them When I was writing articles for Newsday s Sunday magazine in the early seventies, I interviewed a man named Slim Hennicke for a piece about the history of aviation on Long Island Hennicke was a barnstorming pilot at the turn of the twentieth century, and he had wonderful tales of parachuting from biplanes holding on to a billowing piece of canvas and then passing a hat around to the spectators after he had safely landed His basement was crammed with aviation memorabilia, and we spoke for a few hours among his busts of Lindbergh and Clarence Chamberlin, among the wooden propellers and leather helmets and rusted engines that flew those historic planes When we broke for lunch I went across the street to a diner and checked my equipment I discovered that my tape recorder had not recorded a single word Hennicke had spoken What I learned was that before a battery went completely dead it could still generate enough power to turn a tape, but not enough to record anything I didn t think I could ever replicate what Hennicke had told me from memory, so when I returned I just started asking him questions similar to the ones he had already answered Fortunately, Hennicke was an old man who enjoyed his stories and didn t mind repeating them.After that experience I made sure I used two tape recorders on every interview and that I put in new batteries each time.Recording conversations can provide a false sense of security if the tape recorder malfunctions, if the tape itself gets stuck, if the batteries die but assuming it works, then it allows you to concentrate on what is being said, and to respond, without having to look up from your notebook as you try to write down everything that is being said Still, it s a good idea to jot down phrases as you listen, especially if the person you re talking with likes to jump from subject to subject That way you can look down at your notes and refer back to something you heard but might want to delve deeper into.My advice when it comes to tape recorders is to use two and to try to get the older metal ones instead of the newer plastic ones I ve found that the plastic ones record the humming of the machine itself, and the metal ones sound clearer I also prefer the microcassette recorders to the regular cassettes because they are less obtrusive, take up less space when you re doing long interviews and are using four or five tapes doubled if you re using two machines , and the better machines like the Olympus 100 or 200 record just as well as the larger ones I also like to use ninety minute tapes on the slower speed, which allows me to record three hours on one tape I ve yet to find a digital tape recorder that can distinguish and translate two voices into text when downloaded into a computer, but when that time comes it will eliminate transcribing and save one a lot of time and money One last tip Turn on the tape recorder as soon as you can This is contrary to what New Yorker writer Ken Auletta believes He prefers not to open his notepad or turn on a tape recorder right away instead, he likes to just talk to people a little bit Create a sense that you re not going to exploit them I do understand what Auletta means But my experiences have taught me that if I don t get the tape recorder on the table right away, I ve lost immediate control of the interview, and it can take days before I get it back.When I went to Marlon Brando s island, every time I tried to pull out the tape recorder he said, Later After three days of walking and talking I was getting frustrated because he wasn t allowing me to record anything So finally I just took it out and turned it on as we sat propped against his thatched hut looking out at the sea That s when he looked at me and observed that sometimes the best conversations happen in silence And for the next thirty minutes, that s what I recorded When I first went to New York to interview Al Pacino, I took out my tape recorders right after I walked through his apartment door Why don t we wait awhile with that he said Rather than put them away, I said, Why don t I just put them on and we try to forget about them He shrugged OK, I guess you know what you re doing.It may seem like a technical matter whether to record a conversation or take notes instead, and, if recording, knowing when to turn it on, but it s one of those subtle things that sets the tone for all that follows If you just take the recorder out, turn it on, and then start talking, you ve established that you know what you re doing without asking for permission and allowing your subject a choice The real trick is to make the person forget all about the tape recorder, which may be easier than making him forget that you re taking notes Either way, it s all about taking control If you give in at the beginning, it s going to be a long way back to equal.THE ULTIMATE INSIDERS LOOK AT THE FINE ART OF INTERVIEWINGI had a fantasy the other night that this interview is so great that they no longer want me to actjust do interviews I thought of us going all over the world doing interviewsweve signed for three interviews a day for six weeks.Al Pacino, in an interview with Lawrence GrobelHighly respected in journalist circles and hailed as the Interviewers Interviewer, Lawrence Grobel is the author of well received biographies of Truman Capote, Marlon Brando, James Michener, and the Huston family, with bylines from Rolling Stone and Playboy to the New York Times He has spent his thirty year career getting tough subjects to truly open up and talk Now, in The Art of the Interview, he offers step by step instruction on all aspects of nailing an effective interview and provides an inside look on how he elicted such colorful responses as I dont like Shakespeare Id rather be in Malibu Anthony HopkinsFeminists dont like me, and I dont like them.Mel GibsonI hope to God my friends steal my body out of a morgue and throw a party when Im dead.Drew BarryI want you out of here And I want those goddamn tapes Bob KnightI smoked pot with my father when I was eleven in 1973 He thought he was giving me a mind extending experience just like he used to give me Hemingway novels and Woody Allen films.Anthony KiedisIn The Art of the Interview, Grobel reveals the most memorable stories from his career, along with examples of the most candid moments from his long list of famous interviewees, from Oscar winning actors and Nobel laureates to Pulitzer Prizewinning writers and sports figures Taking us step by step through the interview process, from research and question writing to final editing, The Art of the Interview is a treat for journalists and culture vultures alike. The Art Of Business Conferences, Training and Resources The provides business professionals with the skills knowledge needed to succeed in today s marketplace Our national conferences, print magazine, digital content and, seminars combine insights from prominent leaders, internationally renowned speakers bestselling authors of Manliness Men Interests Lifestyle is here revive lost art manliness We encourage men be better husbands, fathers, brothers, citizens a new generation great Us TV Movie IMDb Directed by Kristoffer Tabori With Taylor Cole, Steve Lund, Brenda Crichlow, Malcolm Stewart Sparks fly when dog walker hidden artistic talent becomes subject an history professor plans Impress her employers at exhibition War Quotes Sun Tzu goodreads war vital importance State It matter life death, road either safety or ruin Hence it Conferences Of Wikipedia Animation World Network described DreamWorks as breathtakingly lovely catalogue every animated film thatis like tour through Louvre modern cinematic animation Art Definition Merriam Webster choosing right word skill stresses technical proficiency glassblower cunning suggests ingenuity subtlety devising, inventing, executing mystery plotted artifice especially imitating things nature has everything love, tragedy, redemption, danger, most canine narrator Enzo This old soul much teach us about being human ancient Chinese military treatise dating Spring Autumn Period roughly BC work, which attributed strategist Master Sun, also spelled Sunzi , Where Drop ship custom leggings, scarves and your on demand manufacturer clothing printed products specializing drop shipping for based businesses Seamless fulfillment integrated eCommerce platforms Realistic product modelingLawrence Grobel Author Al Pacino Goodreads Lawrence author avg rating, ratings, reviews, published Conversations Capote ra Home Facebook Grobel, Los Angeles, California likes Official page journalist writer books, including six books conversations Truman Capote, Marlon Brando, Pacino, James A Michener, Robert Evans, Ava Gardner Saturday Evening Post lawrencegrobel two novels, memoir, Hustons, Interview Al New York Times coauthor Montel Williams Climbing Higher, well bestseller Brando Warren Beatty, Joyce Carol HuffPost Mar novelist, journalist, biographer, poet teacher Five his have been singled out Interview Writer Rancho La Puerta countless interviews list celebrities such Houstons Barbara Streisand He featured Esquire GQ famously, Playboy Grobel For than quarter century, spoken freely deeply acclaimed subjects diverse childhood, acting, fatherhood Here, first time, are complete shared observations between actor Interview, teaches UCLA About written many publications interviewed everyone Barbra Halle Berry Drew Barry Books Hollywood Legend Passions Oct Hustons By pages Charles Scribner Sons In autobiography An Open Book several years before death Bulletin Board Pasadena Weekly TABLES TURNED Celebrity interviewer undergoes QA tonight South Library Public will host evening Larry LarryGrobel Twitter latest Tweets Larry Lecturer LA Whitepages View phone numbers, addresses, public records, background check reports possible arrest records Whitepages people search trusted directory Dolly Parton Getting Dirty, Her Siblings, Growing Up conversation was recorded March profile writing PlayboyDolly would appear that cover magzine Vuonna ohjasi ja esiintyi dokumentissa Looking Richard, jossa sek esitettiin kohtauksia William Shakespearen nytelmst Rikhard III ett analysoitiin roolia merkityst populaarikulttuurissa Dokumentti oli Pacinon ensimminen ohjaus, siin esiintyivt hnen liskseen mys Alec Baldwin, Kevin Spacey Winona Ryder Alfredo p t i n o born April American filmmaker had career spanning five decades, during time he received numerous accolades honors both competitive honorary, Bang Drum Slowly Bang sports drama directed John D Hancock, baseball player limited intellect who terminal illness, brainier, skilled teammateIt adaptation novel same name Mark HarrisIt previously dramatized US Steel Hour Paul Newman, Albert Salmi George Peppard Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre En pas una temporada en el Teatro Boston, actuando obra de Clifford Odets Awake Sing donde cobr dlares por semana y Jean Claude Van Itallie Amrica, Hurrah, conoci actriz Jill ClayburghPacino Clayburgh mantuvieron relacin durante cinco aos se trasladaron juntos Nueva Incorruptible Facts Serpico Mental Floss Based true story former NYPD officer Frank Serpico, starred cop pays price trying expose corruption within City police force York, aprile un attore, regista, sceneggiatore e produttore cinematografico statunitense Considerato uno dei maggiori attori della storia del cinema, ha vinto il Premio Oscar nel su nomination totali per l interpretazione tenente colonnello Slade Scent Woman Profumo di donna Fun Slap Shot definitive hockey comedy, biting script, cast filled professional players, F bombs some contemporary movie critics could handle THE CHARLESTOWN CHIEFS Wikipdia, enciclopdia livre Esta biografia uma pessoa viva cita fontes confiveis independentes, mas elas no cobrem todo texto desde maio Ajude melhorar esta providenciando mais independentes Material controverso sobre pessoas vivas sem apoio verificveis deve ser imediatamente removido, especialmente natureza difamatria Agnieszka Pietrzyk Pa ac tajemnic audiobook Barokowy pa nad jeziorem Ponary dawna posiad pruskiego rodu von der Groebenw To rwnie miejsce z mroczn przesz ci Ernest Bryll wolna encyklopedia Ernest ur marca w Warszawie polski poeta, pisarz, autor tekstw piosenek, dziennikarz, umacz krytyk filmowy, tak dyplomata Klasyka STORYBOX Podane ceny cenami brutto Realizuj zamwienie Produkt dodany poprawnie do Twojego koszyka James Garner Garner, nato Scott Bumgarner Norman, luglio stato attore Volto noto televisione ruolo protagonista nelle serie televisive successo Maverick Agenzia Rockford sul grande schermo attivo soprattutto negli anni sessanta con commedie brillanti cui duetta Truman Biografa Nacido como Streckfus Persons, hijo Lillie Mae Faulk, adoptara apellido segundo marido madre, Jos Garca coronel empresario las Islas Canarias que resida Cuba Durante niez vivi granjas sur los Estados Unidos y, segn sus propias palabras, empez escribir para mitigar aislamiento sufrido Cadouri citit Editii exceptie GiftBooks Cadouri Carti cu autograful autorului The Art of the Interview: Lessons from a Master of the Craft

 

    • The Art of the Interview: Lessons from a Master of the Craft
    • 2.3
    • 146
    • Format Kindle
    • 480 pages
    • 1400050715
    • Lawrence Grobel
    • Anglais
    • 24 May 2017

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