✊ Free Read Format Kindle ₓ Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right's Stealth Plan for America ͡ By Nancy MacLean ᾪ

✊ Free Read Format Kindle ₓ Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right's Stealth Plan for America  ͡ By Nancy MacLean ᾪ ✊ Free Read Format Kindle ₓ Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right's Stealth Plan for America ͡ By Nancy MacLean ᾪ INTRODUCTION A QUIET DEAL IN DIXIE As 1956 drew to a close, Colgate Whitehead Darden Jr., the president of the University of Virginia, feared for the future of his beloved state The previous year, the U.S Supreme Court had issued its second Brown v Board of Education ruling, calling for the dismantling of segregation in public schools with all deliberate speed In Virginia, outraged state officials responded with legislation to force the closure of any school that planned to comply Some extremists called for ending public education entirely Darden, who earlier in his career had been the governor, could barely stand to contemplate the damage such a rash move would inflict Even the name of this plan, massive resistance, made his gentlemanly Virginia sound like Mississippi On his desk was a proposal, written by the man he had recently appointed chair of the economics department at UVA Thirty seven year old James McGill Buchanan liked to call himself a Tennessee country boy But Darden knew better No less a figure than Milton Friedman had extolled Buchanans potential As Darden reviewed the document, he might have wondered if the newly hired economist had read his mind For without mentioning the crisis at hand, Buchanans proposal put in writing what Darden was thinking Virginia needed to find a better way to deal with the incursion on states rights represented by Brown. To most Americans living in the North, Brown was a ruling to end segregated schoolsnothing , nothing less And Virginias response was about race But to men like Darden and Buchanan, two w ell educated sons of the South who were deeply committed to its model of political economy, Brown boded a sea change on much At a minimum, the federal courts could no longer be counted on to defer reflexively to states rights arguments More concerning was the likelihood that the high court would be willing to intervene when presented with compelling evidence that a state action was in violation of the Fourteenth Amendments guarantee of equal protection under the law States rights, in effect, were yielding in preeminence to individual rights It was not difficult for either Darden or Buchanan to imagine how a court might now rule if presented with evidence of the state of Virginias archaic labor relations, its measures to suppress voting, or its efforts to buttress the power of reactionary rural whites by underrepresenting the moderate voters of the cities and suburbs of Northern Virginia Federal meddling could rise to levels once unimaginable James McGill Buchanan was not a member of the Virginia elite Nor is there any explicit evidence to suggest that for a white southerner of his day, he was uniquely racist or insensitive to the concept of equal treatment And yet, somehow, all he saw in the Brown decision was coercion And not just in the abstract What the court ruling represented to him was personal Northern liberalsthe very people who looked down upon southern whites like him, he was surewere now going to tell his people how to run their society And to add insult to injury, he and people like him with property were no doubt going to be taxed to pay for all the improvements that were now deemed necessary and proper for the state to make What about his rights Where did the federal government get the authority to engineer society to its liking and then send him and those like him the bill Who represented their interests in all of this I can fight this, he concluded I want to fight this Find the resources, he proposed to Darden, for me to create a new center on the campus of the University of Virginia, and I will use this center to create a new school of political economy and social philosophy. It would be an academic center, rigorously so, but one with a quiet political agenda to defeat the perverted form of liberalism that sought to destroy their way of life, a social order, as he described it, built on individual liberty, a term with its own coded meaning but one that Darden surely understood The center, Buchanan promised, would train a line of new thinkers in how to argue against those seeking to impose an increasing role of government in economic and social life He could win this war, and he would do it with ideas While it is hard for most of us today to imagine how Buchanan or Darden or any other reasonable, rational human being saw the racially segregated Virginia of the 1950s as a society built on the rights of the individual, no matter how that term was defined, it is not hard to see why the Brown decision created a sense of grave risk among those who did Buchanan fully understood the scale of the challenge he was undertaking and promised no immediate results But he made clear that he would devote himself passionately to this cause Some may argue that while Darden fulfilled his parthe found the money to establish this centerhe never got much in return Buchanans team had no discernible success in decreasing the federal governments pressure on the South all the way through the 1960s and 70s But take a longer viewfollow the story forward to the second decade of the twenty first c enturyand a different picture emerges, one that is both a testament to Buchanans intellectual powers and, at the same time, the utterly chilling story of the ideological origins of the single most powerful and least understood threat to democracy today the attempt by the billionaire backed radical right to undo democratic governance For what becomes clear as the story moves forward decade by decade is that a quest that began as a quiet attempt to prevent the state of Virginia from having to meet national democratic standards of fair treatment and equal protection under the law would, some sixty years later, become the veritable opposite of itself a stealth bid to r everse engineer all of America, at both the state and the national levels, back to the political economy and oligarchic governance of midcentury Virginia, minus the segregation Alas, it wasnt until the early 2010s that the rest of us began to sense that something extraordinarily troubling had somehow entered American politics All anyone was really sure of was that every so often, but with growing frequency and in far flung locations, an action would be taken by governmental figures on the radical right that went well beyond typical party politics, beyond even the extreme partisanship that has marked the United States over the past few decades These actions seemed intended in one way or another to reduce the authority and reach of government or to diminish the power and standing of those calling on government to protect their rights or to provide for them in one way or another Some pointed to what happened in Wisconsin in 2011 The newly elected governor, Scott Walker, put forth legislation to strip public employees of nearly all their collective bargaining rights, by way of a series of new rules aimed at decimating their membership These rules were devilishly lethal in their cumulative impact than anything the antiunion cause had theretofore produced What also troubled many people was that these unions had already expressed a readiness to make concessions to help the state solve its financial troubles Why respond with a ll out war Over in New Jersey, where Governor Chris Christie started attacking teachers in startlingly vitriolic terms, one headline captured the same sense of bewilderment among those targeted Teachers Wonder, Why the Heapings of Scorn Why indeed Equally mysterious were the moves by several GOP controlled state legislatures to inflict fl esh wounding cuts in public education, while rushing through laws to enable unregulated charter schools and provide tax subsidies for private education In Wisconsin, North Carolina, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Iowa, these same G OP controlled legislatures also took aim at state universities and colleges, which had long been integral components of state economic development effortsand bipartisan sources of pride Chancellors who dared to resist their agenda were summarily removed.Then came a surge of synchronized proposals to suppress voter turnout In 2011 and 2012, legislators in f orty one states introduced than 180 bills to restrict who could vote and how Most of these bills seemed aimed at low income voters, particularly minority voters, and at young people and the less mobile elderly As one investigation put it, the country hadnt seen anything like it since the end of Reconstruction, when every southern state placed severe limits on the franchise The movement went national with its all out campaign to defeat the Obama administrations Affordable Care Act Hoping to achieve consensus, the White House had worked from a plan suggested by a conservative think tank and tested by Republican Mitt Romney when he was governor of Massachusetts Yet when the plan was presented to Congress, opponents on the right almost immediately denounced it as socialism When they could not prevent its passage, they shut down the government for sixteen days in 2013 in an attempt to defund it Numerous independent observers described such stonewalling, vicious partisanship, and attempts to bring the normal functioning of government to a halt as unprecedented When the Republicans would not agree to conduct hearings to consider the presidents nominee to fill the Supreme Court seat left vacant after Justice Antonin Scalia died in early 2016, even the usually reticent Supreme Court justice Clarence Thomas spoke out At some point, he told the Heritage Foundation, a conservative think tank, we are going to have to recognize that we are destroying our institutions But what if the goal of all these actions was to destroy our institutions, or at least change them so radically that they became shadows of their former selves Many people tried to get a better handle on what exactly was driving this sortie from the right For example, William Cronon, a University of Wisconsin historian and the incoming president of the American Historical Association, did some digging after Governor Walkers attack on public employee unions in Wisconsin His investigations convinced him that what had happened in Wisconsin did not begin in the state What weve witnessed, he said, is part of a well planned and well coordinated national campaign italics added Presciently, he suggested that others look into the funding and activities of a then little known organization that referred to itself as the American Legislative Exchange Council ALEC and kept its elected members a secret from outsiders It was producing hundreds of model laws each year for Republican legislators to bring home to enact in their statesand nearly 20 percent were going through Alongside laws to devastate labor unions were others that would rewrite tax codes, undo environmental protections, privatize many public resources, and require police to take action against undocumented immigrants What was going on In 2010, the brilliant investigative journalist Jane Mayer alerted Americans to the fact that two billionaire brothers, Charles and David Koch, had poured than a hundred million dollars into a war against Obama She went on to research and document how the Kochs and other rich r ight wing donors were providing vast quantities of dark money political spending that, by law, had become untraceable to groups and candidates whose missions, if successful, would hobble unions, limit voting, deregulate corporations, shift taxes to the less well off, and even deny climate change But still missing from this exquisitely detailed examination of the money trail was any clear sense of the master plan behind all these assaults, some sense of when and why this cause started, what defined victory, and, most of all, where that victory would leave the rest of us In an attempt to find that master plan, to understand whose ideas were guiding this militant new approach, others attempted to link what was happening to the ideas of the celebrity intellectuals of the so called neoliberal right neoliberal because they identify with the eighteenth and nineteenth century pro market liberalism of thinkers such as Adam Smith especially such avid promoters as Milton Friedman, Ayn Rand, and Friedrich A Hayek.9 But such inquiries ran aground, because none of the usual suspects had sired this campaign The missing piece of the puzzle was James McGill Buchanan This, then, is the true origin story of todays well heeled radical right, told through the intellectual arguments, goals, and actions of the man without whom this movement would represent yet another dead end fantasy of the far right, incapable of doing serious damage to American society.A remarkably important bookthis book is a superb contribution to our understanding of the rise of libertarian notions and right wing political power in the US If you wonder how the Supreme Court came to define speech as money or corporations as people, this volume will help you to figure it outThe melting ice caps, if nothing else, stand as testament to the folly of listening mainly to the rich and powerful Bill McKibben, The Times Literary Supplement Democracy in Chains leaves me with hope Perhaps as books like MacLeans continue to shine a light on important truths, Americans will begin to realize they need to pay attention and not succumb to the cynical view that known liars make the best leaders New York Times Book ReviewA remarkable new book which argues that the radical right revolution engineered by Charles and his brother David is not just about accruing political and economic power, but about restricting democracy itself The New Republic A vibrant intellectual history of the radical right MacLean has dug deep into her materialnot just Buchanans voluminous, unsorted papers, but other archives, tooand she has made powerful and disturbing use of it all The behind the scenes days and works of Buchanan show how much deliberation and persistencein the face of formidable oppositionunderlie the antigoverning politics ascendant today What we think of as dysfunction is the result of years of strategic effort The Atlantic This sixty year campaign to make libertarianism mainstream and eventually take the government itself is at the heart of Democracy in Chains MacLean takes the time to meticulously trace how we got here If you re worried about what all this means for America s future, you should be And if someone you know isn t convinced, you have just the book to hand them NPR Its the missing chapter a key to understanding the politics of the past half century To read Nancy MacLeans new book, Democracy in Chains The Deep History of the Radical Rights Stealth Plan for America, is to see what was previously invisible George Monbiot, The Guardian A riveting, unsettling account of Tennessee country boy James McGill Buchanan, key architect of today s radical right O, The Oprah MagazineA remarkable book Democracy in Chains is a revelation, as politics and as history Jacobin Democracy in Chains should be read by every thinking person in the United States It is disturbing, revealing, and vitally important NYJournalOfBooks.com Perhaps the best explanation to date of the roots of the political divide that threatens to irrevocably alter American government Booklist starred review Its happening the subversion of our democratic system from within.How did the political Right do it Nancy MacLean tells the long overlooked story of the political economist who developed the playbook for the Koch brothers.James McGill Buchanan merged states rights thinking with free market principles and helped to fashion the inherently elitist ideology of todays Republican Party.Professor MacLeans meticulous research and shrewd insights make this a must read for all who believe in government by the people Nancy Isenberg, author of White Trash The 400 Year Untold History of Class in AmericaThis book is mesmerizing Rarely have I encountered a work that speaks to such significant issues, with evidence rooted in conclusive new sources In clear prose, MacLean reveals how a public once committed to social responsibility and egalitarian values became persuaded that only an unregulated free market could protect liberty and choice Because of this, our once cherished democracy is now subject to attack Everyone who wants to understand todays confrontational politics should read this important book, now Alice Kessler Harris, author of In Pursuit of Equity Women, Men and the Quest for Economic Citizenship in Twentieth Century AmericaHow did we get to where we are today How did corporations come to possess rights How did democracy come to be defined as selfish individualism Or money as free speech Nancy MacLeans Democracy in Chains provides the answers It is essential reading in order to understand the ideas that billionaires use to justify their control of our political institutions I cant imagine a timely or urgent book Greg Grandin, author of Fordlandia finalist for the Pulitzer Prize and The Empire of Necessity winner of the Bancroft Prize MacLean creates a chilling portrait of an arrogant, uncompromising, and unforgiving man she offers a cogent yet disturbing analysis of libertarians current efforts to rewrite the social contract and manipulate citizens beliefs An unsettling expos of the depth and breadth of the libertarian agenda Kirkus Reviews MacLean constructs an erudite searing portrait of how the late political economist James McGill Buchanan 1919 2013 and his deep pocketed conservative allies have reshaped and undermined American democracy A thoroughly researched and gripping narrative, she exposes how Buchanans strategies shaped trends in government in favor of corporate dominance and against the welfare state She has delivered another deeply important book Her work here is a feat of American intellectual and political history Publisher s Weekly starred review For those who think the Tea Party, Freedom Caucus, and the alt right are recent constructs, MacLean provides an extensive history lesson that traces the genesis of the right wing back to post WWII doctrines A worthy companion to Jane Mayers Dark Money, MacLeans intense and extensive examination of the right wings rise to power is perhaps the best explanation to date of the roots of the political divide that threatens to irrevocably alter American government Booklist starred review Duke professor Georg Vanberg on Democracy in Chains Prof corrects MacLean s fundamental misunderstanding of Buchanan work Who wants to put democracy chains Washington Post In her badly flawed book The Deep History the Radical Right Stealth Plan for America, historian Nancy gets many, many things wrong about history and To Secure Blessings Liberty and To American Federal Daniel J Elazar Preamble Constitution United States lists six ends which is addressed union, justice, domestic tranquility, defense, general welfare, liberty DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY DICTATORSHIP CHAPTER THE GROWTH OF FACIST REGIMES Origins Fascism Why Italians were disappointed with Rich north poor south Few had a strong national identity not long united Proletariat have nothing lose but their Kyoto SASE Global Reordering Prospects Equality, Justice A Brief Newspapers historicpages A newspapers, covering years, plus geuine original newspapers sale period imprints from th centuries Watch Diamond Silk explosive Capitol Hill hearing WND VIDEO Watch hearing If we liberals, all fences would broke loose Published at PM CIO issue index issues subscriber informationDid make stuff up in invented conspiracy sabotage Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right's Stealth Plan for America


    • Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right's Stealth Plan for America
    • 1.3
    • 48
    • Format Kindle
    • 368 pages
    • 1101980974
    • Nancy MacLean
    • Anglais
    • 02 February 2016

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