※ Format Kindle Download @Intoxication: The Universal Drive for Mind-Altering Substances ⁝ ePUB Author Ronald K Siegel Ph.D. ₌ Chapter 10 The Fourth Drive Motivation for Intoxication The dynamics of the fourth drive are best illustrated by the history of cocaine In the second half of the nineteenth century a widely held belief in Western medicine was that most physical and mental diseases were caused by brain exhaustion and the best way to cure these conditions was to wake up the brain with a stimulating coca tonic Physicians, pharmacists, and chemists recommended daily doses of coca extracts or wines that delivered the same amount of cocaine as obtained from chewing coca leaves While intensified dosage patterns were normally prescribed, abuse was held in check by the highly diluted preparations Other patterns of use were encouraged by the commercial marketing of coca products Coca was promoted as a wonder drug not only for medicine but also for social and recreational purposes To make it attractive, an assortment of coca preparations were sold, including tonics, gum, cigarettes, and soft drinks Coca Cola, originally promoted as a brain tonic for the elderly, was made with a coca extract It reportedly contained slightly less than 60 milligrams of cocaine per eight ounce serving, the amount found in a modern intranasal dose By the end of the nineteenth century, the tonics were much potent cocaine had been recently isolated from the leaf, and the manufacturers substituted it for the coca extracts Whereas coca products were treated as roughly equivalent to the chewing of the leaves, cocaine was advertised as two hundred times stronger And it was Just as the chimps on North and South Island had discovered, coca was not cocaine, and the golden age of coca medicine was in for some lackluster years Physicians started increasing the daily dosages to as much as 1,200 milligrams, a lethal dose for most people if taken into the body all at once The increased doses of cocaine were further complicated by the popularity of the highly efficient intranasal and injection routes of administration By the time Annie Meyers bought her first bottle of Birneys Catarrh Remedy in 1894 to treat a bad cold, many snuffs were pure cocaine and patients were instructed to take them as needed Mrs Meyerss perceived needs went beyond the bounds of treating her cold and her pattern of use became compulsive When Annie Meyers was arrested for the last time, while trying to blow open a safe, she looked awful and she knew it My hair was mostly out A part of my upper jawbone had rotted away My teeth were entirely gone My face and my entire body were a mass of putrefying cocaine ulcers I weighed only about eighty pounds and it would be hard to conceive of a repulsive sight Not hard at all One need only examine recent cases where users, faced with plentiful supplies of cheap cocaine, danced faster and harder than Mrs Meyers ever could with her Birneys Arrest finally stopped Annie Meyers from doing her Cocaine Dance Her treatment consisted of a long stay in a sanitarium coupled with the religious and moral lectures that were popular in her day Traditionally, society still tries to hold the drive in check through legal and moral controls that employ penalties for use, treatment for users, and preventive education for nonusers Although these methods havent worked, our response in the face of such unstoppable examples of the drive as the modern cocaine abuser has been to intensify the controls Accordingly, punishments escalate, testing programs for the involuntary detection of users become widespread, treatment becomes mandatory, and educational campaigns tend to deliver hyperbole than honest information, as in the recurrent message that drugs will destroy your brain Recently, there have been attempts to quiet the underlying drive itself Psychiatrists try to block it with isolation, physical and chemical restraints, even electric shock When all else fails, neurosurgeons in South America have severed the neural pathways in the brains of young cocaine users who refuse to stop It is as if the healing profession is stepping in to fulfill the promise that drugs will destroy your brain In Annie Meyerss time the healing arts also panicked Dr Albrecht Erlenmeyer, a famous nineteenth century drug expert, saw so many unstoppable addicts like Mrs Meyers that he proclaimed cocaine to be the third scourge of mankind, after opium and alcohol It was really only the fourth drive, a drive our species had always danced to and always would.While carefully analyzing the human urge to seek out the effects of mind altering substances, Siegal draws conclusions based on biological as well as cultural studies a very interesting and informative read Vision Magazine, Oct 2005 Presenting his conclusions on the biological as well as cultural reasons for the pursuit of intoxication, Siegel offers a broad understanding of the intoxication phenomenon as wll as recommendations for curbing the negative aspects of drug use in Western culture by designing safe intoxicants SirReadaLot.org This book will delight those who want to be informed, but not lectured, about drugs I recommend it based on its merits It s objective, interesting and highly readable Galina Pembroke, New View, May 2006 a fascinating insight into the intoxication complex Psychedelic Press UK, April 2013 Siegal s book will be controversial, but his perspective on intoxication as a fact of nature and not just of culture cannot be ignored Intoxication should be required reading for the nation s drug czar Los Angeles Times Book Review Ronald K Siegal knows about how drugs work than anyone else alive.an intrepid researcher and cartographer of consciousness Omni Magazine Siegal s book may draw spirited attacks.but his ideas are respected by drug authorities Time A rich feast of material Kirkus Reviews Reading Intoxication one becomes conscious of the many different aspects of the drug problem, of the usefulness and dangers of psychoactive substances, and of their role and importance in medicine, in religious rituals, and in daily life Impressive fascinating Albert Hofmann, Ph.D., author of LSD My Problem Child and coauthor of Plants of the Gods Compelling fact packed The author carefully surrounds any potential pro drug interpretation with ample and graphic examples of the dangers of drug abuse thought provoking Booklist Intoxication The Universal Drive for Mind Altering Intoxication Substances Ronald K Siegel PhD on FREE shipping qualifying offers A scientific and cultural exploration of the pursuit altered states consciousness in both humans animals Contains myriad studies examples from author s years research By The Recovering Its Aftermath Leslie millions other books are available instant accessKindle Audible Caffeine related disorders causes, DSM, functioning Caffeine intoxication To meet DSM IV TR criteria caffeine intoxication, a person must develop five or twelve symptoms listed below cause significant distress impair social occupational not be caused by medical disorder better accounted Provocative Yet Sacred Ancient Egyptian Festival Drunkenness is religiously celebration that was held annually said to biannually some places ancient Egyptians Affirmative Defenses Criminal Charges Self Defense Affirmative Defense, Necessity, Entrapment, Insanity MARLOTHERM SH Section Hazards Identification Emergency Overview Health Hazard Harmful potentially fatal if swallowed inhaled absorbed through skin May allergic reaction irritation skin, eyes, respiratory tract Potentially affects central nervous system Air T Rex Merv Introducing Air UNIVERSAL Filter Any Furnace, Exchanger, Heat Pump % Less Expensive Made Measure Garanteed Fit Dionysus Wikipedia nd century Roman statue Dionysus, after Hellenistic model ex coll Cardinal Richelieu, Louvre Drug addiction substance use Symptoms Drug addiction, also called disorder, disease brain behavior leads an inability control legal illegal drug medication such as alcohol, marijuana nicotine considered drugs When you re addicted, Harold and the Purple CrayonWhispers Voices Paranoia Whispers In mesmerizing journey into mental illness, Fire Brain captures suspicion About Author mindfulness solution Everyda About D Siegel, PsyD, Assistant Professor Psychology, part time at Harvard Medical School, where he has taught over yearsHe long student meditation serves board directors faculty Search Results Jacksonville Business Journal Search Journal DIA picks favorite proposal but turns mayor path forward Despite Downtown Investment Authority Wednesday giving Introduction Modern Literary Theory Kristi Siegel Dr Associate Professor, English Dept Director, Graduate Program Chair Languages, Literature, Communication Division List Jewish American mobsters This list organized crime figures, ranging late th present day Aesthetic Realism Aesthetic philosophy founded poet critic Eli It based three core principles First, 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- Intoxication: The Universal Drive for Mind-Altering Substances
- Format Kindle
- 384 pages
- Ronald K Siegel Ph.D.
- 14 October 2017 Ronald K Siegel Ph.D.