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┵ Read Format Kindle [ Thinking in Pictures, Expanded Edition: My Life with Autism ] █ Author Temple Grandin ◆

┵ Read Format Kindle [ Thinking in Pictures, Expanded Edition: My Life with Autism ] █ Author Temple Grandin ◆ ┵ Read Format Kindle [ Thinking in Pictures, Expanded Edition: My Life with Autism ] █ Author Temple Grandin ◆ Chapter 1 1 Thinking in Pictures Autism and Visual Thought I THINK IN PICTURES Words are like a second language to me I translate both spoken and written words into full color movies, complete with sound, which run like a VCR tape in my head When somebody speaks to me, his words are instantly translated into pictures Language based thinkers often find this phenomenon difficult to understand, but in my job as an equipment designer for the livestock industry, visual thinking is a tremendous advantage Visual thinking has enabled me to build entire systems in my imagination During my career I have designed all kinds of equipment, ranging from corrals for handling cattle on ranches to systems for handling cattle and hogs during veterinary procedures and slaughter I have worked for many major livestock companies In fact, one third of the cattle and hogs in the United States are handled in equipment I have designed Some of the people Ive worked for dont even know that their systems were designed by someone with autism I value my ability to think visually, and I would never want to lose it One of the most profound mysteries of autism has been the remarkable ability of most autistic people to excel at visual spatial skills while performing so poorly at verbal skills When I was a child and a teenager, I thought everybody thought in pictures I had no idea that my thought processes were different In fact, I did not realize the full extent of the differences until very recently At meetings and at work I started asking other people detailed questions about how they accessed information from their memories From their answers I learned that my visualization skills far exceeded those of most other people I credit my visualization abilities with helping me understand the animals I work with Early in my career I used a camera to help give me the animals perspective as they walked through a chute for their veterinary treatment I would kneel down and take pictures through the chute from the cows eye level Using the photos, I was able to figure out which things scared the cattle, such as shadows and bright spots of sunlight Back then I used black and white film, because twenty years ago scientists believed that cattle lacked color vision Today, research has shown that cattle can see colors, but the photos provided the unique advantage of seeing the world through a cows viewpoint They helped me figure out why the animals refused to go in one chute but willingly walked through another Every design problem Ive ever solved started with my ability to visualize and see the world in pictures I started designing things as a child, when I was always experimenting with new kinds of kites and model airplanes In elementary school I made a helicopter out of a broken balsa wood airplane When I wound up the propeller, the helicopter flew straight up about a hundred feet I also made bird shaped paper kites, which I flew behind my bike The kites were cut out from a single sheet of heavy drawing paper and flown with thread I experimented with different ways of bending the wings to increase flying performance Bending the tips of the wings up made the kite fly higher Thirty years later, this same design started appearing on commercial aircraft Now, in my work, before I attempt any construction, I test run the equipment in my imagination I visualize my designs being used in every possible situation, with different sizes and breeds of cattle and in different weather conditions Doing this enables me to correct mistakes prior to construction Today, everyone is excited about the new virtual reality computer systems in which the user wears special goggles and is fully immersed in video game action To me, these systems are like crude cartoons My imagination works like the computer graphics programs that created the lifelike dinosaurs in Jurassic Park When I do an equipment simulation in my imagination or work on an engineering problem, it is like seeing it on a videotape in my mind I can view it from any angle, placing myself above or below the equipment and rotating it at the same time I dont need a fancy graphics program that can produce three dimensional design simulations I can do it better and faster in my head I create new images all the time by taking many little parts of images I have in the video library in my imagination and piecing them together I have video memories of every item Ive ever worked withsteel gates, fences, latches, concrete walls, and so forth To create new designs, I retrieve bits and pieces from my memory and combine them into a new whole My design ability keeps improving as I add visual images to my library I add videolike images from either actual experiences or translations of written information into pictures I can visualize the operation of such things as squeeze chutes, truck loading ramps, and all different types of livestock equipment The I actually work with cattle and operate equipment, the stronger my visual memories become I first used my video library in one of my early livestock design projects, creating a dip vat and cattle handling facility for John Waynes Red River feed yard in Arizona A dip vat is a long, narrow, seven foot deep swimming pool through which cattle move in single file It is filled with pesticide to rid the animals of ticks, lice, and other external parasites In 1978, existing dip vat designs were very poor The animals often panicked because they were forced to slide into the vat down a steep, slick concrete decline They would refuse to jump into the vat, and sometimes they would flip over backward and drown The engineers who designed the slide never thought about why the cattle became so frightened The first thing I did when I arrived at the feedlot was to put myself inside the cattles heads and look out through their eyes Because their eyes are on the sides of their heads, cattle have wide angle vision, so it was like walking through the facility with a wide angle video camera I had spent the past six years studying how cattle see their world and watching thousands move through different facilities all over Arizona, and it was immediately obvious to me why they were scared Those cattle must have felt as if they were being forced to jump down an airplane escape slide into the ocean Cattle are frightened by high contrasts of light and dark as well as by people and objects that move suddenly Ive seen cattle that were handled in two identical facilities easily walk through one and balk in the other The only difference between the two facilities was their orientation to the sun The cattle refused to move through the chute where the sun cast harsh shadows across it Until I made this observation, nobody in the feedlot industry had been able to explain why one veterinary facility worked better than the other It was a matter of observing the small details that made a big difference To me, the dip vat problem was even obvious My first step in designing a better system was collecting all the published information on existing dip vats Before doing anything else, I always check out what is considered state of the art so I dont waste time reinventing the wheel Then I turned to livestock publications, which usually have very limited information, and my library of video memories, all of which contained bad designs From experience with other types of equipment, such as unloading ramps for trucks, I had learned that cattle willingly walk down a ramp that has cleats to provide secure, nonslip footing Sliding causes them to panic and back up The challenge was to design an entrance that would encourage the cattle to walk in voluntarily and plunge into the water, which was deep enough to submerge them completely, so that all the bugs, including those that collect in their ears, would be eliminated I started running three dimensional visual simulations in my imagination I experimented with different entrance designs and made the cattle walk through them in my imagination Three images merged to form the final design a memory of a dip vat in Yuma, Arizona, a portable vat I had seen in a magazine, and an entrance ramp I had seen on a restraint device at the Swift meat packing plant in Tolleson, Arizona The new dip vat entrance ramp was a modified version of the ramp I had seen there My design contained three features that had never been used before an entrance that would not scare the animals, an improved chemical filtration system, and the use of animal behavior principles to prevent the cattle from becoming overexcited when they left the vat The first thing I did was convert the ramp from steel to concrete The final design had a concrete ramp on a twenty five degree downward angle Deep grooves in the concrete provided secure footing The ramp appeared to enter the water gradually, but in reality it abruptly dropped away below the waters surface The animals could not see the drop off because the dip chemicals colored the water When they stepped out over the water, they quietly fell in, because their center of gravity had passed the point of no return Before the vat was built, I tested the entrance design many times in my imagination Many of the cowboys at the feedlot were skeptical and did not believe my design would work After it was constructed, they modified it behind my back, because they were sure it was wrong A metal sheet was installed over the nonslip ramp, converting it back to an old fashioned slide entrance The first day they used it, two cattle drowned because they panicked and flipped over backward When I saw the metal sheet, I made the cowboys take it out They were flabbergasted when they saw that the ramp now worked perfectly Each calf stepped out over the steep drop off and quietly plopped into the water I fondly refer to this design as cattle walking on water Over the years, I have observed that many ranchers and cattle feeders think that the only way to induce animals to enter handling facilities is to force them in The owners and managers of feedlots sometimes have a hard time comprehending that if devices such as dip vats and restraint chutes are properly designed, cattle will voluntarily enter them I can imagine the sensations the animals would feel If I had a calfs body and hooves, I would be very scared to step on a slippery metal ramp There were still problems I had to resolve after the animals left the dip vat The platform where they exit is usually divided into two pens so that cattle can dry on one side while the other side is being filled No one understood why the animals coming out of the dip vat would sometimes become excited, but I figured it was because they wanted to follow their drier buddies, not unlike children divided from their classmates on a playground I installed a solid fence between the two pens to prevent the animals on one side from seeing the animals on the other side It was a very simple solution, and it amazed me that nobody had ever thought of it before The system I designed for filtering and cleaning the cattle hair and other gook out of the dip vat was based on a swimming pool filtration system My imagination scanned two specific swimming pool filters that I had operated, one on my Aunt Brecheens ranch in Arizona and one at our home To prevent water from splashing out of the dip vat, I copied the concrete coping overhang used on swimming pools That idea, like many of my best designs, came to me very clearly just before I drifted off to sleep at night Being autistic, I dont naturally assimilate information that most people take for granted Instead, I store information in my head as if it were on a CD ROM disc When I recall something I have learned, I replay the video in my imagination The videos in my memory are always specific for example, I remember handling cattle at the veterinary chute at Producers Feedlot or McElhaney Cattle Company I remember exactly how the animals behaved in that specific situation and how the chutes and other equipment were built The exact construction of steel fenceposts and pipe rails in each case is also part of my visual memory I can run these images over and over and study them to solve design problems If I let my mind wander, the video jumps in a kind of free association from fence construction to a particular welding shop where Ive seen posts being cut and Old John, the welder, making gates If I continue thinking about Old John welding a gate, the video image changes to a series of short scenes of building gates on several projects Ive worked on Each video memory triggers another in this associative fashion, and my daydreams may wander far from the design problem The next image may be of having a good time listening to John and the construction crew tell war stories, such as the time the backhoe dug into a nest of rattlesnakes and the machine was abandoned for two weeks because everybody was afraid to go near it This process of association is a good example of how my mind can wander off the subject People with severe autism have difficulty stopping endless associations I am able to stop them and get my mind back on track When I find my mind wandering too far away from a design problem I am trying to solve, I just tell myself to get back to the problem Interviews with autistic adults who have good speech and are able to articulate their thought processes indicate that most of them also think in visual images More severely impaired people, who can speak but are unable to explain how they think, have highly associational thought patterns Charles Hart, the author of Without Reason, a book about his autistic son and brother, sums up his sons thinking in one sentence Teds thought processes arent logical, theyre associational This explains Teds statement Im not afraid of planes Thats why they fly so high In his mind, planes fly high because he is not afraid of them he combines two pieces of information, that planes fly high and that he is not afraid of heights Another indicator of visual thinking as the primary method of processing information is the remarkable ability many autistic people exhibit in solving jigsaw puzzles, finding their way around a city, or memorizing enormous amounts of information at a glance My own thought patterns are similar to those described by A R Luria in The Mind of a Mnemonist This book describes a man who worked as a newspaper reporter and could perform amazing feats of memory Like me, the mnemonist had a visual image for everything he had heard or read Luria writes, For when he heard or read a word, it was at once converted into a visual image corresponding with the object the word signified for him The great inventor Nikola Tesla was also a visual thinker When he designed electric turbines for power generation, he built each turbine in his head He operated it in his imagination and corrected faults He said it did not matter whether the turbine was tested in his thoughts or in his shop the results would be same.I hardly know what to say about this remarkable book It provides a way to understand the many kinds of sentience, human and animal, that adorn the earth Elizabeth Marshall Thomas, author of The Hidden Life of DogsThere are innumerable astounding facets to this remarkable book Displaying uncanny powers of observation Temple Grandin charts the differences between her life and the lives of those who think in words The Philadelphia InquirerA uniquely fascinating view not just of autism but of animaland humanthinking and feeling, providing insights that can only be called wisdom Deborah Tannen, author of You Just Dont Understand Visual thinking Wikipedia Visual thinking, also called visual spatial learning or picture is the phenomenon of through processing has been described as seeing words a series pictures citation needed It common in approximately % general populationReal thinkers, those who use almost to exclusion other kinds Thinking Pictures My Life with Autism by Temple Chapter One Thinking and Thought I THINK IN PICTURES Words are like second language me translate both spoken written into full color movies, complete sound, which run VCR tape my head Pictures, Expanded Edition Grandin, Oliver Sacks on FREE shipping qualifying offers PhD gifted animal scientist designed one third all livestock handling facilities United States She lectures widely autism because Grandin autistic How Teach Critical Steps How In this Article Summary Encouraging Students Have an Open Mind Helping Make Connections Teaching About Reliable Information Community QA References If you want teach your students critical give them opportunities brainstorm analyze things Positive Quotes Inspirational Take life day ,and be grateful for little don t get stressed over what u can control The Master within key treasures world Word Juxtapoz Icebreakers, brain teasers riddles Ice breakers, riddles, training games, meeting icebreakers, fun pictures, wordplay, puzzles, vocabulary builders whole Think Positively wikiHow Assessing Your Combating Negative Thoughts Living Optimistic Having positive outlook choice You choose think thoughts that elevate mood, throw constructive light difficult situations, generally brighter, hopeful approaches Defining Thinking thinkingthe awakening intellect study itself rich concept developing throughout past years What wisegeek Nov , ability apply reasoning logic new unfamiliar ideas, opinions, situations critically involves open minded way examining idea from many angles possible Blocks Model Solve Math Word Problems We redesigned packed it features read aloud word problems prompts better models engaging themes mobile friendly works well devices Directed Reading Activity DRTA Classroom Directed comprehension strategy guides asking questions about text, making predictions, then reading confirm refute their predictions Home Tipes IncKILA SENS Foundation support TIPES Our friends at recently contributed our Social Integration Programs would take opportunity thank generous donation Research Institute Experiences Sensory Problems Communication Difficulties Introduction paper, will describe experiences Image Narrative Article Issue Imagine no Metaphors Dialectical Image Walter Benjamin Author Anthony Auerbach Published September Abstract E fugitive dialectical image evoked Arcades extract ruins his project was never fulfilled destiny fragments he assembled hoped What emerges document extraordinary human being, who, gracefully lucidly bridging gulf between her condition own, sheds riddle identity book review Most either account s own special journey advice parents children diagnosed ASD concludes book Making Of Movie Matewan To ask readers please sign up Be first question This written, clever, illuminates persistent quandary decisions make filmmaking Every step, fundraising, budget, hiring actors Pictures latest research very important enroll good educational program when sysmptoms occur audible THINKING Kirkus Reviews An view workings mind professor behavior Colorado State Univ renowned designer equipment, attributes creativity, technical skills understanding animals set apart most Temple YouTube Doctor Animal Science University, bestselling author, consultant industry reports gives information front lines autism, including treatment, medication, diagnosis, insights eNotes book, THINKING PICTURES, Sayles uses experience film form basis thoughtful, intelligently told explanation process filmmaker goes bring And Other Reports Bloomsbury, pages Reviews some people differently, though less humanely, explored inspiring successful scientist, she Words Do YOU Tumblehome Professor University raised awareness wrote A woman made career out designing farm structures sensitive point view, extreme end population alien totally playing different tapes video cassette recorder imagination used everybody thought until questioned processes discussions great encourage mindedness creativity site hundreds wackiest, funniest brainiest energizers, creative cartoon idioms proverbs teaching materials Discover treasure trove hilarious, humorous, creative, stimulating, colorful, mindbending ingenious workouts, visuals, mindbenders, play words, statement Michael Scriven Richard Paul, presented th Annual International Conference Education Reform, Summer intellectually disciplined actively skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, encourages active No More Stinking workbook No Joann Altiero workbook, developed after work children, help change stinking ways cause anxious Misaki Mori Naughty Asian schoolgirl cute flashing ass Welcome Idols, brand, spanking sex Japanese AV exclusively, means time babes hottest cock hungry among Nude GirlsThey beautiful well, stunning bodies, amazingly faces, big perky tits, fine asses wonderful, hairy pussies began corseting age suggestion former boyfriend He had corset trained girls liked aesthetics black ribbon took waist its natural inches downWelcome Official Website Brand edition Unwrittern Rules Relationships now available Who Dr Behaviour cattle, pigs, bison antelope during transport Design stockyards, lairages, corrals, races, chutes, loading ramps Mary born August American science behavior, spokesperson TV IMDb Mick Jackson With Claire Danes, Julia Ormond, David Strathairn, Catherine O Hara biopic become top scientists humane Product Description Based writings title subject, HBO Films portrait young became, timely mentoring sheer force will, America remarkable success stories Watch Prime Video Golden Globe R winning actress Danes shines fact based story became unlikely hero cattle everywhere Educator, Scientist, Writer, Biologist noted expert advocate populations penned books Animals Translation Us Human Born Boston Trailer Sep Biopic overcame limitations imposed field husbandry interest needs minds TED Talk child, talks how sharing helps solve neurotypical brains might miss Plot uncommunicative child prone tantrums medical consensus schizophrenia resulting insufficient maternal affection Thinking in Pictures, Expanded Edition: My Life with Autism

 

    • Thinking in Pictures, Expanded Edition: My Life with Autism
    • 1.1
    • 17
    • Format Kindle
    • 304 pages
    • 0307275655
    • Temple Grandin
    • Anglais
    • 09 July 2017

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