UNCATEGORIES

↏ free Format Kindle Super Mind: How to Boost Performance and Live a Richer and Happier Life Through Transcendental Meditation ❴ Author Norman Rosenthal ⡗

↏ free  Format Kindle Super Mind: How to Boost Performance and Live a Richer and Happier Life Through Transcendental Meditation ❴ Author Norman Rosenthal ⡗ ↏ free Format Kindle Super Mind: How to Boost Performance and Live a Richer and Happier Life Through Transcendental Meditation ❴ Author Norman Rosenthal ⡗ Building a Better Brain Promise me youll always remember Youre braver than you believe, and stronger than you seem, and smarter than you think A A Milne Are we smarter than we think, as A A Milne suggests And if so, how do we gain access to the assets we have and make the most of them Throughout this book, we will encounter people who say that TM has boosted their capacities, enabling them to live fuller, successful, and enjoyable lives In this chapter we will examine some of the evidence, both anecdotal and experimental, suggesting that TM may indeed enhance certain brain functions If so, that would explain some amazing stories REMEMBRANCE OF THINGS PASTAND PRESENT The house was packed at the upscale Urban Zen in New York City, where Cameron Diaz was guest of honor at an event hosted by the David Lynch Foundation Looking as radiant as ever, Diaz, a regular TM practitioner, was dressed casually in black, her blond hair swept across her cheek, as she engaged warmly with the audience about her experiences with TMsuch as this one It was about ninety degrees in the Valley, at the Los Angeles Zoo parking lot, under a tent, in a car, under lights, with the windows up and no air conditioning It was about a thousand degrees in the car And I had a monologue and I couldnt remember my lineslines that I knew I knew I knew them Id said them a million times, and I couldnt access them Theyre completely lost in wherever they go And I realized all of a sudden, I went, No, I need twenty five minutes I just need twenty five minutes I ran back to my trailer and I rebooted I did my twenty minute meditation And I came back to the car and I could see all those poor grip guystheyre all sweating, holding heavy equipment Theyre looking at me like, I hate you Get your lines right, woman, so we can get out of here I mean really like the evil eye And I didnt want to let them down, and I wanted to be able to do my lines But after I had gone back to my trailer and rebooted, I came back and I nailed it I was like, Done, thank you very much And we were out of there, I have to say, in like twenty minutes Diaz held the audience at Urban Zen spellbound as she described the power of TM as a technique for mining memory Her description of retrieving her lost lines is at once foreign After all, how many of us have been on a movie set at the Los Angeles Zoo and scarily familiar How often have you searched for a word, telephone number, or the first line of a familiar poem, only to find that it is sometimes there and sometimes not We are left asking where did it go and how can we bring it back Diazs story also resonates because most of us have a sense that our brains hold a vast storehouse of buried treasure, and that if we could only unearth it efficiently, wed be far better off It is this sense, perhaps, that has led to the urban myth thoroughly debunked that we use only 10 percent of our brains though many are the self help tomes that promise to unlock the missing 90 percent for the price of a few lattes Although these percentages seem silly to anyone with even a modest knowledge of the brain, the idea contains a germ of truth that has perhaps given traction to the myth we do have untapped potential, so perhaps we can be smarter than we think Although nobody can say for sure why a person forgets something at one moment, then remembers it later, we do know that stress can affect memory in ways both good and bad, and we have some ideas about the underlying brain structures at work In fact, once again our old friend the prefrontal cortex PFC appears to be involved Studies in animals have shown that specific neurochemical pathways, when activated by excess stress, cause profound impairment of the PFC.1 Specifically, too much dopamine and norepinephrine are implicated By reducing stress, TM may lower the concentrations of these two key neurotransmitters in the PFC, thereby improving cognitive functionssuch as remembering lost lines in a movie script This effect of improved brain function when stress is reduced may remind some of you of the so called inverted U shaped curve, which shows how small amounts of stress or anxiety can boost performance but large amounts can make it worse If you consider the declining limb of the inverted U that part of the curve where anxiety is increasing but performance is decreasing , it is easy to see how TM could decrease stress and reduce key neurotransmitters in the PFC, thereby making the brain work better Whatever brain mechanisms were at work on that memorable day at the LA Zoo, we will never know But the bottom line is that twenty minutes of TM restored Cameron Diazs memory rapidly and completely She had instinctively reached for the right remedy, and it worked Many other performers who practice TM have recommended doing meditation before tackling a stressful task Megan Fairchild, principal dancer for the New York City Ballet, does her TM before every performance, as does Tony Awardwinning actress Katie Finneran So does actor, singer, and dancer Hugh Jackman, who says I meditated before I hosted the Oscars I meditate before I go onstage I meditate in the morning and lunchtime when Im on a film set Its like it resets And director Martin Scorsese routinely meditates before facing another grueling day on the movie set But here is an obvious fact You dont have to be well known or a performer for TM to work Anybody who has learned TM can take advantage of these observations I can imagine an architect, schoolteacher, first responder, librariananyone, reallybenefiting from TM at the start of the day If you are a regular meditator, you are already at an advantage because the stillness of the Super Mind is already part of you, residing alongside your everyday activities And if a crisis comes up, you can expand that advantage by taking a TM time out DRIVEN TO DISTRACTION ADHD AND THE SUPER MIND Before leaving the topic of memory, lets consider a few other examples of improved memory apparently resulting from TM A woman friend of mine, a medical student, has found that TM greatly improves her ability to remember the volumes of information her course work requiresbut for a different reason She has been diagnosed with attention deficit disorder, a condition that makes it hard to maintain focus As you can imagine, if you have trouble focusing on something, you will not do well at remembering it Problems with attention interfere with both storage and retrieval of memory One benefit of TM has been to still her overactive mindeven when she is not meditatingwhich has helped her focus better and thereby be successful in retaining what she studies Although there have been no large controlled studies of TM specifically for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD at this time, one small pilot study on ten distractible students between the ages of eleven and fourteen was conducted by Sarina Grosswald, Bill Stixrud, and colleagues at a school in the Washington, D.C., area.2 Although the study was small and uncontrolled, its results drew rave reviews from the staff, who observed that the students not only concentrated better but were less impulsive One boy, for example, who could barely sit still in his chair at the beginning of the study, was able to concentrate long enough to read an entire bookto the astonishment of his mother Another boy told Bill Stixrud, a D.C area neuropsychologist and longtime TM practitioner, Before learning TM, when someone would bump into me in the hall, I would hit him Now I ask myself, Should I hit him or not In a separate controlled study, Fred Travis and colleagues investigated the effects of TM on the EEG in eighteen students, ages eleven to fourteen, who had been diagnosed with ADHD.3 In prior work on ADHD in adolescents, it had been established that the severity of symptoms is highly correlated with a certain EEG function known as the theta beta ratio a simple ratio between two EEG wavelengths the worse the symptoms, the higher the ratio.4 In the study by Travis and colleagues, the eighteen students were randomly assigned to practice TM or wait for three months before learning TM Their EEGs were measured at the start of the study and at the end of three months just before the controls learned TM As predicted, the researchers found that the theta beta ratios in the TM group declined significantly over the first three months compared to the control group see figure 6 below Once the control group learned TM after three months , its theta beta ratios also declined Bottom line the effects of TM on both ADHD symptoms and the EEG are apparent after three months of practice THIS CRAZY WORLD OF OURS You dont need a formal diagnosis of ADHD, however, to lose focus in a world that offers so many distractions As one of my friends puts it, These days I think we all have a little ADHD The old adage, More haste, less speed, is part of the problem In our attempts to multitask, we often get less done, not But inefficiency in multitasking may be the least of our worries Worse still is a common tendency to sacrifice essentials when we try to juggle less important things at the same timelike making sure that the text we are sending our BFF best friend forever is sufficiently witty while driving through a red light When you multitask, you lose perspectivea potentially fatal mistake Research shows that we think we can multitask and stay effective, but were wrong The fragmentary attention paid to each task makes it likely that no task gets done correctly And thats where the Super Mind comes in It slows us down, making us less frantic while sharpening our alertness and focus The result is improved concentration and ability to prioritize Bill Stixrud rails against the mind racing, mind scattering, and mind numbing effects of our extensive use of technology that he sees in his daily practice He adds, We need to build in antidotes to constant stimulation, and TM is a hugely important antidote He knows this not only from clinical observation but from his own experience Heres how he describes it As I meditate, I remember whats important Sometimes I think I should stop my program early to take care of urgent matters, but then I realize that there will be time to take care of everything, and the most important thing is for me to finish my meditation As I do so, things sort themselves out in my mind and fall into better perspective It always pays for me not to interrupt my meditation, but to see it through and reap its rewards On a personal level, I cant believe how nowadays I can usually locate my cell phone and other important objects that once would have gone astray in a fog of distraction While my ability to retrieve lost objects is still far from stellar, somehow I am attentive and less often mislay them Also, I enjoy slowing down enough to do things properly It feels less frenetic, satisfying We will explore the issue of attentiveness further when we address the relationship between transcendence and mindfulness in chapter 14 WORKING MEMORY Even working memory, which many regard as difficult to improve, may yield to the powers of TM, as evidenced in a patient of mine, David, a successful businessman David has always prided himself on his excellent working memorya function required, for example, to remember a telephone number long enough to find a pencil Where did that pencil go I know it was here just a minute ago and write the number down David came to me because he was depressed, and I treated him with antidepressants and psychotherapy After a few months, both he and I considered him fully recovered in every wayexcept for his working memory, which had previously been excellent Now his memory was perfectly adequate for everyday life, but when it came to remembering long strings of numbers for short intervals, he realized he had lost his old talentuntil he learned TM Within the first few weeks of practice, his memory skill came back, and the timing of its welcome return coincided exactly with his starting to meditate REMEMBERING THINGS YOU DONT KNOW YOUVE FORGOTTEN My last example of the beneficial effects of TM practice on memory is quite unusual How often have you remembered something that you didnt know you had forgotten That actually happened to a friend of mine who, along with her husband, had traded in their old car for a new one two days before the event Im about to describe Both highly competent professionals, they had methodically swept through the old car once at home and once at the garage and removed all trash and debris, as well as everything they wanted to keepor so they thought Two days later, while doing her morning TM, my friend suddenly remembered the E Z Pass attached to the windshield, hidden behind the rearview mirrorand still in the car It was a job to retrieve it, but well worthwhile to prevent further expenses from accruing I find this story a good example of Super Mind functioning because it is a simple and clear illustration of how things sometimes surface during meditation that elude us in the clear light of day As the Super Mind develops, such insights occur frequently even outside TM sessions This story is a good bridge to our next section, on creativity, a function that depends in part on the unexpected insights and novel connections that arise unbidden and mysteriously, and may be critically important to solving problems THE SUPER MIND AND CREATIVITY Creativity is intelligence having fun source unknown One highly prized aspect of intellectual functioning that many of us would love to cultivate is creativity And certainly many creative people seem drawn to TMraising the question of how this practice, and the resulting Super Mind, might contribute to creative development By creative I mean having the ability to make unexpected connections, either to see commonplace things in new waysor unusual things that escape the attention of othersand realize their importance The next phase in the creative process is the audacity to hold on to this new realizationoften in the face of opposition or ridiculeand then pursue and realize the idea despite obstacles I have had the good fortune to discuss creativity with some highly accomplished and creative TM practitioners To a person, they credit TM with making them creativeat timesdramatically so Among others, I interviewed the great classical guitarist and longtime TM practitioner Sharon Isbin She had told me exactly the best time to meet in her apartment on Manhattans Upper West Side, overlooking the Hudson River, so as to avoid the banging and drilling of construction workers remodeling nearby apartments After discussing the value of TM in softening her response to the incessant racket, we moved on to a wide range of topics When I asked whether she thought TM had enhanced her intelligence and creativity, here is what she had to say I suppose intelligence is hard to quantify, but whether youre writing an article, learning or performing a piece of music, or preparing a speech, all those things require tremendous focus and access to your talents and abilities at the highest possible level And I do feel that TM has not only made me better able to use my own inner resources but has also made me creative Very often in a TM session, either in the middle or at the very end, I suddenly have the answer to a question Ive had Or I get an idea that Ive never thought of before, and I think its a fantastic idea And it happens during TM So for me that proves that TM is a process that enables and encourages and nurtures creative thinking As a musician, I ask, what is creativity Its a complex thing to explain, but somehow when youre writing or speaking, you suddenly think, Well, that was a good idea I never connected this thought with that thought before And its just flowing and its happening and youre kind of amazed yourself at whats coming out of you The same thing happens with musicIll be playing and suddenly there is a twist of a phrase or a nuance and you just feel that melting sense of beauty It might be something that youve never done before, and it just happens Thats creativity as a performer As a composer, creativity is different because youre actually dreaming up these notes, as a writer would words on a page So all of these things, I feel, reflect the power of TM Creative works sometimes advance by great leaps, but often by a series of small decisions, each one guided by the creators overarching vision of the desired outcome The details cumulatively fall into place to achieve the completed work That is what I learned from two TM practitioners who are creative giants in their respective fields Ray Dalio, founder of Bridgewater Associates, and Martin Scorsese, a great American film director Both are longtime TM practitioners, and both attribute their creative success to TMs influence Dalio points out that in his chosen careerdealing with the worlds financial marketssuccess comes from making a number of good decisions over time Likewise, Scorsese talks about the importance of getting all the details rightfor example, picking just the right piece of music to accompany a specific scenein order to make a great movie UNBLOCKING CREATIVITY My personal experience resonates with these stories It is impossible to count the number of insights, both small and large, that have occurred to me while meditating or shortly thereafter Heres another curious observation along these lines Sometimes I sit down to write but the words just wont come As writer William Styron put it, The syrup wont pour Often when this happens, I do my TM, and when I return to my desk, something has come unblocked Mysteriously, the syrup pours freely Over a longer time frame, within the eight years since starting to meditate, my efforts at writing have become steadily smoother I am clearer about what I want to say, the right words flow, and the writing gets done easily And many others in widely varying fields have told me similar stories about how they rely upon TM to unblock them when they feel creatively stuck In an important controlled study performed in Taiwan and published by David Orme Johnson and Kam Tim So, three groups of adolescents were assigned to practice TM versus a control condition.6 The details of this important set of studies are presented completely later in this chapter At this point, however, it is worth noting that one of the tests used to measure the effects of the different interventions was the Test for Creative ThinkingDrawing Production, which is considered a measure of whole brain creativity Based on the three studies, the participants who practiced TM exhibited a far greater increase in creativity than the controls over the course of the study An obvious question is, what is happening at the level of the brain Some clues may come from the work of Fred Travis and colleagues, whom you met in chapter 5 You may remember that these researchers showed that transcendence during meditation develops within months of starting TM, along with the associated brain wave changes, such as increased alpha waves and increased frontal alpha coherence On the other hand, TM associated brain changes that show up when the eyes are openthat is, in the presence of dynamic activitytake longer to develop This latter group of brain changes include EEG coherence in the frontal parts of the brain, not only in the alpha frequency but also in the faster beta and gamma frequencies, which are associated with performing a task Increased alpha powerwhich suggests internal stillness even when people are performing tasksa key feature of the Super Mind More efficient use of the brain, as measured by its electrical responses to various types of tasks these are covered in greater detail in chapter 18 It is important to realize, however, how much we dont know about brain function and how much remains to be discovered to explain the amazing cognitive effects of TM I emphasize EEG changes because that is where most of the brain related TM research has focused But it is worth considering the possible role of other brain systemsincluding some not yet described Take, for example, the recently described glymphatic systema term coined by Danish biologist Maiken Nedergaard, who has led the research into this area at the University of Rochester medical schoolwhich rapidly drains waste products, such as amyloid, from the brain Studies in mice have shown that such clearance of the brains waste products speeds up during sleep, which researchers have hypothesized may explain why sleep is so restorative For all we know, TM may exercise its effects via this systemand or a myriad of others But even without any understanding of its mechanism, the remarkable cognitive effects of the technique are obvious, as many TM practitioners willattest FIELD INDEPENDENCE One quality that creativity requires is field independencethe capacity to generate ideas from within, without being unduly dependent on the influence of others It is this aspect of brain functioning that has struck Walter Zimmerman as most improved since he began TM A decades long meditator and former TM teacher, Zimmerman saw this effect a few years into his meditation, when he scored high on a test that assesses the extent to which people are independent of distraction in their visual fields Now a highly successful energies trader, Zimmerman finds his field independence to be an invaluable asset He sees the bulls carried away by their euphoric belief that stocks will never stop risinguntil a sharp market decline lands them in despair He sees the bears selling too soon or investing on the short side for too long, only to end up crestfallen when shares keep rising Field independence enables Zimmerman to watch the market with both interest and detachment, as emotions rage on all sides He makes his calculations on particular buys and sells based on experience and the ever changing data as he watches events play outa type of creativity that involves insight into patterns, numbers, and human psychology As you may have noticed, field independence sounds a lot like the Super Mind, where stillness enters the psyche and a person is unshaken by external fluctuations Zimmerman compares himself to the central figure in Hermann Hesses famous novel The Glass Bead Game In this novel, an elite group of intellectuals play out a game of enormous complexity So it is that Zimmerman describes his field independence, which allows him to retain a valuable measure of calm detachment while at the same time actively and successfully engaging in his complex profession The parallel between his work and his life was clear to me as Im sure it is to him CREATIVITY AND THE CIQ To close our examination of expanding consciousness and creativity, let us evaluate our findings from the Consciousness Integration Questionnaire A great majority 83 percent of respondents reported increased creativity since starting to meditate, of whom 57 percent and 30 percent said their creativity was enhanced very often or often, respectively Here are some of their narrative responses, selected because they highlight various aspects of the creative process, which the respondents linked directly to practicing TM Ive always had a lot of ideas running through my head, but I could not pin them down when I needed them Everything would get jumbled, and then I would get overwhelmed Now I feel like I have a filter or filing system in my head that helps me sort through my ideas and organize them After my meditation my creativity increases Im much productive and have begun creative works that I had only imagined in previous years I had a concept for one film almost ten years ago, but only after meditating for a few years was I able to complete itand it all came about effortlessly Before I started meditating, I was a music composition student who had a really hard time composing Shortly after learning to meditate, that changed, and these days there is very little difficulty in any kind of creative work It just flows out all the time I get done in less timeless procrastination I do things well the first time so there is less do over Now Im doing three jobs and writing a book, and somehow it all gets done I always wanted to be an artist I graduated from high school at sixteen, went to college at seventeen, and wasnt prepared for it at all I was afraid of failure and afraid of success I dropped out and didnt make any art again until I learned to meditate Now Im a nationally exhibited sculptor and I hope one day to earn myliving with my art Since meditating, my creativity has grown from the spewings of a distressed person to the outpourings of a wealthy imagination My creativity is no longer needed for personal catharsis It comes instead from insight, delight, and deep feeling I am productive because I know what doesnt matter and what does Psychiatrist and New York Times columnist Richard Friedman sees a clear improvement in the quality of his columns since starting to meditate One aspect that distinguishes his recent columns is that they are provocative and intriguing, creative and daring Im less worried about whether others thinktheyre interesting and havent checked as much with others I just do them One painter said, When an artist makes a mark on a canvas, he feels a resonance with that markwhether it works or not, produces the desired effect, pleases or disturbs Since starting to meditate, I have felt a greater resonance and connection with my paintings, which has given me a lot of pleasure LET US, THEN, COUNT SOME OF THE WAYS BY WHICH PEOPLE SAYTM HAS IMPROVED THEIR CREATIVITY It helps them sort out and organize information, turning sketches of ideas into fully formed works of art It gives rise to new ideas, new connections, and new emphases Wow, that thought is important than I realized It helps the creative person figure out where to begin the leading edge of the problem or what to do next It helps people get started overcoming procrastination and complete projectsboth common impediments to creativity, which are often related to anxieties such as fears of failure or success It promotes the flow of ideas and actions on this subject can be found in chapter 10, Being in the Zone It shifts the axis of motivation from fear if I dont succeed, something bad will happen to enthusiasm wont it be great to have my first show It gives people the confidence to take risks It enhances the joy of connection to ones creative works Clearly, many different brain functions must be involved in expediting these happy outcomes The controlled studies described and discussed below provide some insight into what these specific brain functions might be Anecdotes aside, let us consider now two of the most impressive studies that connect meditation to various brain functions They were conducted in two countries thousands of miles apart, Taiwan and the United States Both sets of researchers were interested in the same basic question If one takes a group of essentially normal young people and teaches half of them to practice TM while the matched other half receives a control treatment, what differences, if any, will you find in their psychological function six to twelve months later Put differently, can TM not only normalize brain functioning in people with problemsas has been shown in numerous studies for example, in people with anxiety but also enhance brain functioning in healthy individuals Two sets of studies in two different countries sought to answer this question A TRIO OF TAIWANESE STUDIES Three remarkable experiments were conducted by psychologist David Orme Johnson and his graduate student collaborator, Kam Tim So both associated at the time with Maharishi University , who published their results in 2001 These three studies involved three separate groups of Taiwanese students Two groups were in high school, while the third attended a technical school just above high school level A total of 362 students were involved In all three studies, conducted over six to twelve months, the same six standardized psychological tests were used Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Inventory STAI Anxiety, both as a state the mood of the moment and a trait a stable index Cultural Fair Intelligence Test CFIT Fluid intelligence, which correlates with executive functions mediated by the prefrontal cortex and also with academic achievement Inspection Time IT Speed of information processing at the step where a stimulus is transferred to short term memory Constructive Thinking Inventory CTI Practical intelligence, which is thought to predict success in love, work, and social relationships Group Embedded Figures Test GEFT Field independence, which means thetendency to generate thoughts and ideas based on internal, as opposed to external, processes This test predicts academic achievement if one controls for fluid intelligence.Test for Creative ThinkingDrawingProduction TCTDP Said to measure whole brain creativity Let us consider each of these experiments in turn In the first, 154 students of average age 16.5 years were divided into three groups Those who were interested in participating in the TM study were randomly assigned to TM practice or napping for an equal amount of time , and those with no interest in learning TM constituted a third group After six months of TM practice, those in the TM group significantly outperformed the nap takers on six of the seven measures remember that the STAI yields two measures of anxiety and the no interest group in every respectseven out of the seven measures In the second experiment, also in Taiwan, 118 slightly younger female students average age 14.6 years were randomly assigned to three groups TM, contemplation meditation, and a no treatment control The two types of meditation were taught by two different teachers, both of whom practiced and believed in the form of meditation they taught, which helped control for expectation and placebo effects After six months, the TM group significantly outperformed the no treatment control on six of the seven measures, and proved significantly superior to the contemplation group on five out of seven measures including state and trait anxiety The contemplation group outperformed no treatment students on two out of seven measures Besides replicating several findings of the first experiment, this experiment tends to confirm that not all types of meditation produce equivalent results In the third experiment, 99 male vocational guidance students average age 17.8 years , all of them majoring in technical drawing, were randomly assigned to two groups TM or no treatment After one year, the TM group significantly outperformed the no treatment group on all seven measures To put these results in perspective, it is highly unusual in behavioral studies for an intervention to outperform the control condition across the board, on most if not all measures, and in three separate studies In other words, these strongly positive studies essentially replicated one another As someone who has looked at many behavioral studies, I find these results astonishing, both in the breadth of their findings and their consistency across studies In order to assess the effect of TM versus control, the researchers pooled the data from all three studies You may recall that in behavioral sciences, an effect is considered to be large at 0.8 units or , medium at 0.5, and small at 0.2 units.11 The effect of TM versus controls ranged in magnitude from 0.77 to 0.34, as shown below, with the order of effect size being from highest to lowest Creativity 0.77 Practical intelligence 0.62 Field independence 0.58 State anxiety 0.53 Trait anxiety 0.52 Inspection time 0.39 Fluid intelligence 0.34 Overall, then, after six to twelve months of TM practice, there was a large effect on creativity a medium effect on practical intelligence, field independence, and state and trait anxiety and a small to medium effect on inspection time and fluid intelligence The researchers sent the paper documenting their findings to Intelligence, one of the top journals in the field My guess is that the reviewers thought the data looked too good to be true, because they took two years to publish it One value of publishing in a high profile, peer reviewed journal is that it enhances ones confidence that the data are genuine Besides the credentials of the authors, the prestige of the journal, and the diligence with which the reviewers scoured the data before accepting the manuscript, there are other reasons why I find these findings credible Over the past decade, I have seen hundreds of TM practitioners myself included who have improvedsometimes dramaticallyin creativity, field independence, and practical intelligence In addition, when it comes to intelligence, it is not only important how smart you are but also how well you deploy your intelligence As we have already discussed with regard to memory, being overstressed, frenetic, or distracted seriously impairs function The same applies to other aspects of intelligenceand all can benefit from slowing down ones internal pace while retaining alertness and acuity MEDITATING AT A MILITARY ACADEMY Norwich Universitythe military college of Vermontis the oldest private military college in the United States You might not expect it to be the site of a study on the potential benefits of TM on officer traineesbut it was In 2011, Carole Bandy, associate professor of psychology at Norwich, began a randomized controlled study by inquiring which entering cadets might be interested in participating A total of seventy fresh recruits, familiarly known as rooks short for rookies , expressed interest Of these, sixty about three quarters of whom were men were entered into the study and randomized either to receive TM training or to serve as controls Both groups received their military training and other studies as usual By way of background, here is how Bandy describes freshman training at Norwich It is an incredibly stressful time for the students, and they must undergo training that is very unfamiliar in our culture A lot of it is psychologically unfamiliar as well They have to look straight ahead, to obey commands, and they cant look at their officers They have to walk and eat in certain ways And they do all of this while at the same time beginning their college courses, which are considerably harder than high school Those in the TM group were taught to meditate in the week before they started training, andthey went on to practice TM twice a day, seven days a week, as a group At baseline, bothmeditators and controls took a large battery of tests These included questionnaires and physiological tests, such as EEGs, eye tracking, and behavioral tasks Follow up data were obtained on both groups after two and six months of TM training At the same time, EEG and eye tracking measurements were also repeated A full replication study was carried out in the second year on a new batch of cadets At the time of this writing, only the questionnaire data are available for discussion, but it isalready possible to say that the results are remarkable In the first year, at the two month mark, every instrument showed significant changes in favor of the TM group Specifically, there was a significant decrease in self reported depression as measured by the Beck Depression Inventory , 13 as compared with controlseven though these scores were normal at baseline In other words, there was no evidence that these cadets were depressed on arrival at the college There was also evidence of decreased stress as measured by a stress scale , and state anxiety as measured by the State Trait Anxiety Inventory, or STAI,14 which is mentioned above Although most differences between TM practitioners and controls became evident after two months, trait anxiety another output of the STAI took a little longer to register a difference, which showed up at the six month mark The widely used Profile of Mood States PO MS 15 showed a highly significant decrease inoverall mood disturbance for the TM group At the same time, all positive aspects of personality improved Positive affect feeling was associated with increased constructive thinking Not surprisingly,cognition thinking and affect were found to be interrelated There was evidence ofincreased emotional coping, as measured by the constructive thinking inventory and increased behavioral coping Those in the TM group were also found to have increased resilience at the two month mark, as measured by the Dispositional Resilience Scale DR S 15 , 16 which is a very stable scale Interestingly, at baseline the Norwich University students scored in the same range as US and Scandinavian college students on this measure In other words, regular TM practice appears to boost levels of resiliency significantly above levels normally found in college students Overall, constructive thinking as well as behavioral and emotional coping as measured by the Constructive Thinking Inventory increased significantly as well Almost all the changes in the TM group were apparent at two months, and all continued and increased as of six months And here is an amazing fact all the findings obtained in the first year study were replicated in the second year study At the end of the first year, the TM platoon was graded number one out of sixteen platoons, which is not all that surprising when you think of the ways in which they outstripped the controls It is, however, a nice validation of the pencil and paper tests David Zobeck, the TM teacher who taught the cadets, was kind enough to share some of the experiences of those who had been assigned to the TM group and are now progressing in their military careers Here are a few typical comments Todd, a rising senior, who since the study has become a regular meditator, says that during stressful situations and under duress, he is able to slow down his mind and make thoughtful decisions as opposed to being influenced by emotions Do you detect the strengthened prefrontal cortex at work here He also says that his exam results improve when he meditates, and that he needs less sleep Zobeck adds that the candidate officers can get to bed as late as 11 00 p.m., have to be up by 5 00 a.m., and are generally sleep deprived Todd concludes that TM will be a magnificent tool for active duty when he enters the navy James, one of the first rooks to learn TM, has since graduated from his training and course of study He says Its really clear to me theres a tremendous energy boost after meditation TM contributes to my resiliency and stamina It removes a fog from my brain It acts as a reserve for me I never get tired Theres no doubt in my mind that TM makes me clearer in everything I do At the time of this writing, James is in the US Navy and getting his masters degree online Forrest, a lieutenant, finds that TM helps with his physical training When I meditate before I do my physical workout routine, I always have better results because it removes stress from me TM brings me profound calmness of mind Andrew, currently a second lieutenant, reports similar improvements in focus and academic work, but adds The thing I most note is that TM increases my creativity I write music, poems, and stories When I meditate my writers block disappears immediately, I am organized and am able to get in touch with expanded levels of my mind As Zobeck talks, extolling one candidate officer after the other, his devotion to his students is obvious I cant separate them, he says Its like looking at a galaxytheyre all stars If I made fifty phone calls, I could give you fifty sparkling results I find it interesting that all these study subjects were not troubled people to start with They were normal students in Taiwan and officer candidates in Norwich, the latter group being chosen for particular hardiness and validated as normal according to standardized tests In all these cases, a simple conclusion is inescapable the regular practice of TMand the resulting development of the Super Mindcanboost positive psychological qualities such as positive mood, cognitive functioning, and resilience and decrease negative ones such as depression and anxiety To a behavioral science researcher, these five data sets, replicating one another as they do, are astonishing In fact, I would say that Transcendental Meditation is one of the most potent interventions for enhancing well being and functioning that I have encountered in than thirty five years as a researcher and practicing psychiatrist In the chapters that follow, we will further explore the gifts of the Super Mind As we do so, bear in mind the many physical and psychological brain related benefits of TM, which are the basis of these gifts Before proceeding further, it may be useful for us to review some of the highlights of this chapter Based on two sets of controlled studies, conducted on two continents and than a decade apart, TM has been shown to outperform a variety of control conditions in boosting a wide array of psychological skills in physically and mentally healthy young people These studies, performed in Taiwanese schools and at a US military university, found that TM enhanced the following mental abilities creativity, practical intelligence, field independence, state and trait anxiety, mood, resilience, and coping Numerous anecdotes suggest beneficial effects of TM on creativity and memory. Super Mind is a wonderfully practical exploration of the benefits of Transcendental Meditation that reveals how the technique is not a belief or faith but a simple tool that, in my experience, can improve your life in ways you never thought possible Hugh Jackman In Super Mind, Norman E Rosenthal has written a vibrant, practical, and persuasive guide to all the ways in which mediation can profoundly affect every aspect of our lives from our emotional and spiritual well being to our intellectual and creative abilities Arianna Huffington Super Mindopens new doors to thinking about consciousness, and new possibilities about how consciousness can grow and change a person s life forever Transcendental Meditation has been found to improve physical and psychological health in hundreds of published studies and Norman E Rosenthal weaves this evidence together with powerful stories of transformation a must read for anyone wanting to develop a Super Mind Maria ShriverDr Rosenthal s Super Mind is a thoroughly engaging, scientifically sound testament to the immediate and long term benefits of Transcendental Meditationa technique I have been practicing for nearly two years TM has made me mentally and physically energetic, sharper, less stressed and positive If I could write a prescription for TM to all my patients, I would Dr Jennifer Ashton, ABC News Chief Women s Health Correspondent, Ob GynNorman E Rosenthal, renowned scientist and researcher, reveals the powerful, life enhancing effects of Transcendental Meditation in this acutely observed and poetic book In Transcendence, Rosenthal gave us the science behind TM in Super Mind he does that and , showing us the broad applications and transformative stories of real people using this simple technique Richard A Friedman, M.D., contributing Op Ed writer for The New York Times and Professor of Clinical Psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College Mind Wikipedia The mind is a set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memoryIt usually defined as the faculty an entity s thoughts consciousness It holds power imagination, recognition, appreciation, responsible for processing feelings emotions, resulting in attitudes actions String theory Domain Not Valid This site temporarily unavailable Hosted by Network Solutions Quantum Mind Power Training Personal Development Science Based Confidence Online Program Dr Jill Ammon Wexler Broly Dragon Ball Wiki FANDOM powered Wikia Directory Characters Villains DBZ Movie villains Saiyans Broly Buror , lit Broli main antagonist Triple Threat trilogy He appears to be latest Legendary Super who every thousand years His father Nutrition Academy Academy ONLY online holistic nutrition natural health course that makes it easy understand your just hour per week Super Saiyan S p Saiya jin advanced transformation assumed members hybrids race with sufficient amounts Cells franchise, though there have also been occurrences other races or Centerpointe Holosync Meditation Technology Brain Discover experience this free demo gives you clearer mind, better health, happiness peace Try right now Hollywoodtuna Here Ariana Grande new music video looks like she paying tribute Mean GirlsI bet Lindsay Lohan super excited about Anyway, hot I m digging some her dance moves wish song was Little Tuna can t move beat Soul Sunday SuperSoul Sunday daytime series on OWN delivers timely, thought provoking, eye opening inspiring block programming designed help viewers awaken their best selves discover deeper connection world around them Tools Management Leadership Training Use MindTools resources learn than management, leadership personal effectiveness skills, helping happy successful at work Sports News headlines from AOL breaking news US politics, weather, entertainment, lifestyle, finance, sports much Gentle Horses Satisfied Customers Gilbert, AZ Hi Sherry, Thanks time care took Radar good boy, we start practice June doing trail obstacles riding pleasure Mario Bros Archive Update Archive We re proud partner Alamo Drafthouse, NC Museum History, Cape Fear FREE screening Raleigh, North Carolina Friday, December th Our very own founder webmaster Ryan Hoss will hosting event afterwards moderate Q A panel cast crew Guests announced Make Off Grid Food Secretly In Your Home Make Foods Home How To Outwit Nazis Create Digestive System That Kept Grandparents Mayor City Norman, Oklahoma Mayor Lynne Miller grew up attended University Oklahoma receiving both BA MA education She spent thirty Norman Public Schools teacher, counselor, Director Special Education, principal mother grandmother Transcendence Healing Transformation Through Rosenthal Transcendence ever book Transcendental accessible substantive, engaging scientific, practical profound enjoyable read change life, David Lynch meditating over years, found uniquely compelling introduction art science Rosenthal disambiguation page lists articles associated title If internal link led here, may point directly intended article Winter Blues, Fourth Edition Everything You Need Know E Rosenthal, MD, internationally recognized his pioneering contributions understanding SAD using light therapy treat itHe Clinical Professor Psychiatry Georgetown Medical School, therapist private practice, author six books, Winter Blues Survival Guide, New York Times bestseller Norman, n r city state miles km south downtown its metropolitan areaThe population census estimated third largest Oklahoma, serves county seat Cleveland County settled during Land Run Ways Enhance Emotional Intelligence Everyone always talking EI but what exactly One important aspect emotional intelligence ability perceive, control evaluate emotions Ray Dalio More anything else, attribute my success May Raymond Ray Dalio, chairman, co chief investment officer Bridgewater Associates LP, arrives dinner honor Chinese President Xi Jinping White House Martin Landau IMDb Oscar winning character actor Martin born Brooklyn, At age he hired Daily staff cartoonist illustrator The Harold Wallace Interview antichristconspiracy Hidden Tyranny INTRODUCTION booklet contains text most revealing shocking interview Jew name which conducted interview Most Jews do not admit it, our god Lucifer are chosen people alive top Administrative Aide one nation ranking senators, Jacob Javits R NY, tape recorded Super Mind: How to Boost Performance and Live a Richer and Happier Life Through Transcendental Meditation

 

    • Super Mind: How to Boost Performance and Live a Richer and Happier Life Through Transcendental Meditation
    • 2.2
    • 135
    • Format Kindle
    • 319 pages
    • Norman Rosenthal
    • Anglais
    • 03 October 2016

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *