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ᘡ Download Relié ৳ The Siege of Mecca: The 1979 Uprising at Islam's Holiest Shrine For Free ᙈ Book Author Yaroslav Trofimov ᛇ

ᘡ Download Relié ৳ The Siege of Mecca: The 1979 Uprising at Islam's Holiest Shrine For Free ᙈ Book Author Yaroslav Trofimov ᛇ ᘡ Download Relié ৳ The Siege of Mecca: The 1979 Uprising at Islam's Holiest Shrine For Free ᙈ Book Author Yaroslav Trofimov ᛇ INTRODUCTIONThe holy city of Mecca looked deceptively calm as the first dawn of the new century started to break behind craggy mountains.Splashing his face with cold water, the Grand Mosques bearded imam fastened a beige hued cloak over his shoulders and muttered praises to the Lord The time to lead the mornings first prayer was minutes away.Under his window, the mosques floodlit courtyard was filling up quickly The hajj pilgrimage season, when this stadium size enclosure was traversed by than a million worshippers, had already ended Yet Mecca remained jam packed with the faithful Many of them had spent the night inside Islams holiest shrine, curling up on wool carpets in the Grand Mosques multistory labyrinth of nearly a thousand rooms.As usual, these worshippers camped along with their bundles, mattresses, and suitcases that nobody had bothered to check Following custom, many hauled in wooden coffins, hoping that the imam would bestow on decomposing relatives inside the precious blessings that can only be received in such a sacred precinct.Today, some of these coffins contained an unusual cargo Kalashnikov assault rifles, Belgian made FN FAL guns, bullet belts, and an assortment of pistols.The men who had smuggled this arsenal into the mosque sought an ambitious goal to reverse the flow of world history, sparking a global war that would finally lead to Islams total victory and to a destruction of arrogant Christians and Jews.The date was the First of Muharram of Islams year 1400which in calendars kept by infidel Westerners corresponded to November 20, 1979.For the natives of Mecca, a city that lives off the flood of humanity that has coursed through its shrines since time immemorial, this Tuesday morning promised a particularly joyful occasion New Years day is when, according to tradition, the Meccans make a pilgrimage of their own to the Grand Mosque.In darkness, thousands trekked to the outskirts of the city, shedding everyday clothes after a shower and returning in the pilgrims snow white ihram outfitstwo towel like garments that symbolize purity and leave mens right shoulders exposed.Mixing in with the locals were as many as 100,000 visitors from all over the worldPakistanis and Indonesians, Moroccans and Yemenis, Nigerians and Turks Some were stragglers left behind after the hajj, entrepreneurial pilgrims who, year after year, try to offset the cost of their passage by reselling in Meccas bazaars exotic wares from their remote homelands Others had arrived in Mecca just to witness the turn of thecenturya once in a lifetime event Hidden in this human sea were hundreds of grim faced rebels, many of them sporting red checkered headdresses Some had been inside the mosque for days, reconnoitering its maze of corridors and passageways Others were bused in during the night by a friendly religious academy Yet others drove their own cars to Mecca this morning, arriving at the last minute and accompanied by children and wives to allay guards suspicions.Most of these conspirators were Saudis of Bedouin stock, though their ranks also brimmed with foreigners, if such a word had a meaning for men who believed in the single citizenship of Islam They even included African American converts, inspired by a new faith and hardened by race riots half a world away.The color of the cloudless sky just started to turn from grayish to pink when the dawn ritual began, as it does that time of the year, at 5 18 a.m La ilaha ila Allah, the deep voiced prayer call rang from new loudspeakers affixed atop the mosques seven towering minarets There is no god but Allah.Barefoot, worshippers knelt in the Grand Mosques marble paved courtyard Clearing his throat, the imam picked up the microphone and read out the blessings On his cue, the faithful prostrated themselves on the ground, in a vast succession of concentric circles that radiated from the Kaaba, an ancient cube draped in black silk embroidered with goldthat looms in the center of the enclosure.Then, just as the imam concluded the prayer with wishes of peace, gunshots rang out The crackling sound reverberated in the courtyard as in an echo chamber Stunned worshippers spotted a young man, a rifle in his hands, walking briskly toward the Kaaba Another shot sent into the air flocks of panicked pigeons that usually graze on the plazaoutside the Grand Mosque.Rumors quickly swirled through the crowd What could all this be What was all that noise Maybe there is an innocuous explanation, one man opined Maybe the gunmen were bodyguards for some senior prince, or even the Saudi monarch, King Khaled, himself Maybe the gunfire was just some peculiar Saudi way to celebrate the New Year More knowledgeable worshippers shuddered Firing a weapon in the Grand Mosque, they knew, was a grave sin They couldnt recall the last time such a sacrilege had occurred Pilgrims watched with angst as and gunmen closed in on the Kaaba, carrying weapons that had been extracted from uncrated coffins The Grand Mosques own police force, armed with nothing threatening than sticks for beating misbehaving foreign pilgrims, melted away once two guards who attempted resistance fell dead by the gates.Amid this commotion, the rebels leader, Juhayman al Uteybi, emerged from the depths of the mosque A forty three year old Bedouin preacher with magnetic black eyes, sensual lips, and shoulder length hair that seamlessly blended into a black curly beard, Juhayman conveyed a sense of immediate authority despite his slender stature Emulating a piety first displayed by Prophet Mohammed himself, he wore a traditional Saudi white robe that was cut short at midcalf to signal the rejection of material goods Unlike his fellow gunmen, he was bareheaded, with only a thin green hair band keeping his unruly locks in check.Flanked by three militants armed with rifles, pistols, and daggers, Juhayman started to elbow his way across the courtyard, toward the sacred Kaaba and the Grand Mosques imam The cleric, who had just turned his face away from the Kaaba and toward the distressing tumult among the believers, noticed that he was standing right next to a coffin.This one contained a real cadaver the dead childs relatives, oblivious to the mounting upheaval, were imploring the imam to bless the tiny corpse.As the cleric obliged, reciting the sacred lines, recognition flickered on his face He realized in these moments that Juhayman and some of the other gunmen, who now got disconcertingly close, had attended his lectures on Islam here in Mecca This feeling turned to horror seconds later, as Juhayman unceremoniously pushed the cleric aside and seized the microphone When the imam tried to wrestle back the mike, one of the intruders raised a sharp curved dagger and screamed at the top of his lungs, ready to stab.A fright swept the crowd.Picking up shoes, thousands rushed toward the enclosures gates, only to find all fifty one of them chained shut Ragged looking gun men, muzzles staring into the crowd, barred all exits Unsure of how to behave, some worshippers started chanting Allahu AkbarGod is Greatestthe Muslims invocation of faith in a moment of adversity The gunmen unexpectedly joined in this chorus and it became louder and louder, spreading throughout the packed mosque until it turned into a deafening roar.When this chanting subsided, Juhayman barked into the microphone a series of clipped military commands Following his instructions, scores of his well trained followers dispersed throughout the compound, setting up machine gun nests atop the shrines seven minarets Trapped pilgrims were gang pressed into aiding the rebels Some had to roll up the thousands of heavy carpets inside the courtyard and prop them up against the chainedgates The fittest were forced at gunpoint to climb the steep staircases to the tops of the minarets, carrying water and crates of ammunition The takeover of Islams holy of holies was swift and complete.At their 89 meters 292 feet of height, the mosques minarets overlooked much of downtown Mecca, providing rebel snipers with a vast field of fire Trigger fingers caressing the cold metal, they scanned neighboring streets for potential foes If you see a government soldier who wants to raise his hand against you, have no pity and shoot him because he wants to kill you, Juhayman instructed these snipers in his guttural desert accent Do not hesitate Under the minarets, even Saudisproficient in the local dialecthad a hard time understanding what was going on The crying of women, the coughing of elders, and the shuffling of bare feet filled the Grand Mosques courtyard with an anxious hum Many foreigners among the tens of thousands of hostages spoke no Arabic at all and stood transfixed in the turmoil, asking better educated countrymen for explanation in a multitude of tongues.The conspirators were prepared for linguistic problems, and wanted to be comprehended Soon they grouped Pakistani and Indian pilgrims on one side of the mosque, with a Pakistani born rebel interpreting the announcements in Urdu to bewildered compatriots A cluster of Africans was provided with a speaker of English Sit down, sit down and listen, Juhaymans gunmen yelled, rifle butting those pilgrims who dared to disobey.As cowed worshippers finally settled in fearful attention, the mysterious group indicated that its authority now extended well beyond the Grand Mosque to Saudi Arabias commercial capital and to the second of the countrys two holy cities Mecca, Medina, and Jeddah are now in our hands, the rebels declared through the shrines public address system, so powerful that their words could be heard throughout central Mecca.Then Juhayman handed the microphone to an aide better versed in classical Arabic speech It was high time to explain the purpose of this daring venture.For the next hour, the Grand Mosques loudspeakers relayed the uprisings shocking message to the worlds one billion Muslims, announcing that an ancient prophecy had been fulfilled at last and that the hour of final reckoning was being struck By the time this speech, occasionally interspersed with gunshots, was over and the loudspeakers fell silent, panic infected the whole of central Mecca Even waiters at the outdoor cafs near the mosque had all run away.Thus began a drawn out battle that would drench Mecca in blood, marking a watershed moment for the Islamic world and the West Within hours, this outrage would prompt a global diplomatic crisis, spreading death and destruction thousands of miles away American pilots and European commandos would all have to be involved in restoring the shrines of Islam to the House of Saud Soon, American lives would be lost, and America would find itself isolated than ever in the increasingly hostile Muslim universe.The consequences of this forgotten crisiswhich remains blotted out of history books in Saudi Arabia and many other Muslim landslast to this day.In tackling Juhaymans brazen attack on its holiest shrine, the Saudi government showed sickening arrogance, cruel incompetence, and bewildering disregard for the truth The royal familys image was sullied forever Many Muslims in Saudi Arabia and beyond, including the young Osama Bin Laden, were so repulsed by the carnage in Mecca that their loyalty started to fracture In following years, they drifted toward open opposition to the House of Saud and its American backers The fiery ideology that inspired Juhaymans men to murder and mayhem in Islams holy of holies mutated with time into increasingly vicious strains, culminating in al Qaedas death cult.By a coincidence of global events, it is precisely this ideology that American policy makersand the House of Saudfound right after the crisis in Mecca to be of great value on the Cold War battlefronts Instead of being suppressed, Juhaymans brutal brand of Islam was encouraged and nurtured as it metastasized across the planet since 1979 Today, hordes of his spiritual heirs are busy blowing up airplanes, tourist hotels, and commuter trains on four continents, self satisfied smiles of true believers curling their lips.The significance of the Mecca uprising was missed at the time even by the most sharp eyed observers Too many other threats preoccupied the West The seizure of the Grand Mosquethe first large scale operation by an international jihadi movement in modern timeswas shrugged off as a local incident, an anachronistic throwback to Arabias Bedouin past.But with the benefit of hindsight, it is painfully clear the countdown to September 11, to the terrorist bombings in London and Madrid, and to the grisly Islamist violence ravaging Afghanistan and Iraq all began on that warm November morning, in the shade of the Kaaba From the Hardcover edition.Action packed Trofimov combines political analysis and breathless narrative to describe the deadliest terrorist attack prior to 9 11 Entertainment WeeklyFascinating remarkable Anyone can read The Siege of Mecca, and everyone should The Washington Post The Siege of Mecca begins with all the menace of a political thriller Riveting Conde Nast PortfolioA gripping, highly informed narrative of this momentous event Financial Times Siege of Leningrad Wikipedia The Siege was a prolonged military blockade undertaken from the south by Army Group North Nazi Germany against Russian city St Petersburg on Eastern Front in World War IIThe Finnish army invaded north, co operating with Germans until they had recaptured territory lost recent Winter War, but siege Dizionario inglese italiano WordReference siege Traduzione del vocabolo e dei suoi composti, discussioni forum Miami and Chicago Norman Mailer, Arthur Miami Morey FREE shipping qualifying offers Vietnam raging 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Dictionary Military Architecture Angelfire Architecture, Fortification Fieldworks theIron Age to Eighteenth Century List unusual words beginning S Phrontistery Brief definitions obscure starting letter Medieval Weapons Arming Swords arming sword also sometimes called knight knightly single handed cruciform High Middle Ages, common use between ca , remaining rare into th century What Happened Ferguson New York Times Aug Michael Brown, an unarmed black teenager, shot killed Darren Wilson, white police officer, Ferguson, Mo suburb Louis July June Doctorate Philosophy Massachusetts Institute Technology I worked Professor Sanjay Sarma members Field Intelligence Laboratory, researching vehicle prognostics, sensors, data mining, Internet Things architecture Much my research related value open standards, interoperability, machine learning hope you have found this site be useful If any corrections, additions, comments, please contact mePlease note that am able respond requests Introduction In dictionary attempted provide text which explains many terms associated fortifications used IronThe Mecca Uprising Islam Holiest Sep Mecca, journalist Yaroslav Trofimov pulls back curtain thrilling, pivotal, overlooked episode modern history, examining its repercussions East world On November worldwide attention focused Tehran, where Iranian hostage crisis entering third week Iran Moves Syria Raise Risk With Israel WSJ Apr faces harsh new as civil war winds down while Iran remains far away, threat now next door, writes Russia Turn Its Asian Past Jul Vladimir Putin famously described loss Soviet empire greatest geopolitical catastrophe As nostalgia surges Democracy Pakistan Democracy Urdu pronounced jamhooriat one ideologies upon sought established nation state, envisaged leader founding father nation, Muhammad Ali JinnahPakistan constitutionally democratic parliamentary republic political system based elected form governance Radicalism Definition Radicalism Merriam Webster opinions behavior who favor extreme changes especially government radical ideas See full definition radicalism English Language Learners Regency Regency When Was regency Period Britain, years time when George III declared insane death known period, since these son, future IV, served Prince Regent, acting monarch Israel Nudges Trump Towards American May Donald has put America path Future historians will look scuttle nuclear deal, Casu marzu Wikipdia Confection Sa recette est drive du pecorino sardo, mais le casu ne se limite pas la fermentation classique il amen son stade ultime de grce l digestive des larves mouche fromage, Piophila casei, dlibrment introduites dans fromageElles y engendrent un niveau avanc et brisent les acides gras Cyclingnews guide rider transfers Feb Index trades extensions Iraanse Revolutie Oorzaken De exacte reden waarom sjah werd afgezet, waarna het land omgevormd tot een Islamitische republiek, onderwerp van discussie Punten regime waarover ontevredenheid onder bevolking bestond, en die meer aanleiding waren revolutie, Al Qaeda Organization Al philosophy calls centralization allowing decentralization execution However, after Terror, al leadership become isolatedAs result, decentralized, organization regionalized several groups Mr Penumbra Hour Bookstore Novel Robin Sloan Reading Guide Sweeping Europe legendary Renaissance book printers frontiers Information Age, Mr rollicking adventure inspiring ode published word Like victims Great Recession, web designer Clay Jannon finds himself out job Marco Tronchetti Provera Marco Milano, gennaio imprenditore dirigente d azienda italianoDal amministratore delegato gruppo Pirelli, quale stato presidente dal ottobre cui diventato vicepresidente esecutivo Dal eastern conquest Genghis Khan actions, folly akin The Siege of Mecca: The 1979 Uprising at Islam's Holiest Shrine

 

    • The Siege of Mecca: The 1979 Uprising at Islam's Holiest Shrine
    • 2.1
    • 92
    • Relié
    • 336 pages
    • 0307277739
    • Yaroslav Trofimov
    • Anglais
    • 16 March 2017

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