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ᖿ 100 free ዸ The Anchor Book of Chinese Poetry: From Ancient to Contemporary, The Full 3000-Year Tradition ᛊ Kindle Ebook By Tony Barnstone 펱

ᖿ 100 free ዸ The Anchor Book of Chinese Poetry: From Ancient to Contemporary, The Full 3000-Year Tradition  ᛊ Kindle Ebook By Tony Barnstone 펱 ᖿ 100 free ዸ The Anchor Book of Chinese Poetry: From Ancient to Contemporary, The Full 3000-Year Tradition ᛊ Kindle Ebook By Tony Barnstone 펱 ZHOU DYNASTY 1122 256 BCE Though Chinese civilization stretches back to Neolithic times, the earliest known dynasty, the Xia, is of limited importance to a discussion of Chinese literature, as there is no evidence that a written language was in use The succeeding dynasty, the Shang, was a Bronze Age agricultural civilization During the Shang, characters were written on oracle bones usually made of turtle shell or cattle shoulder bones, and later on bamboo strips, silk, and bronze , but no literature from this time is extant.The Shang were overthrown by the king of Zhou, a small dependent nation in the Wei River Valley in the western Shang territory, and thus began the Zhou dynasty, the first great period of Chinese literature It was during the Zhou dynasty that the doctrine that the Chinese King was exercising a Mandate of Heaven in his rule developed It later became an extremely important doctrine both to justify imperial rule and to explain the fall of an empire should an emperor prove corrupt or weak, heaven would remove his mandate The Zhou dynasty is the longest of China s many dynasties, and is divided into the Western Zhou 1122 771 BCE and the Eastern Zhou 771 256 BCE , as the Zhou were forced out of their capital at Xian by barbarian invaders from the north, and moved east to found their new capital in Luoyang The Eastern Zhou is itself subdivided into the Spring and Autumn Period 771 481 BCE and the Warring States Period 463 221 BCE The troubled Warring States Period marked the waning years of the dynasty Such great thinkers, moralists, and philosophers as Confucius, Mencius, Laozi, and Zhuangzi lived during the Eastern Zhou It was the time of the Hundred Schools of Thought, the golden age of Chinese philosophy, when the great traditions of Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, Militarism, and Mohism developed In this period, itinerant thinkers traveled with their followers, finding employment with rulers, who would seek their advice on warfare, morality, diplomacy, and government The Zhou dynasty eventually weakened to the point where it ruled only in name, as seven powerful warring states vied for dominance In 221 BCE, the ruler of a western state emerged triumphant from the ongoing warfare and unified China, naming himself Shi Huangdi the first emperor and beginning the Qin dynasty After eight hundred years, heaven had removed its mandate from the Zhou at last.The three Zhou dynasty texts presented here are the source of Chinese poetic literature, evolving out of the beginnings of Chinese writing, and foreshadowing what was to come in this extraordinary three thousand year tradition Chinese poetry begins with the Book of Songs, comprised of folk songs, hymns, and court songs collected largely from ordinary people living along the Yellow River, and putatively edited by Confucius himself thus the collection is sometimes referred to as the Confucian Odes The fact that the Chinese poetic tradition begins with folk poetry reworked and set to music has meant that the long tradition of Chinese poetry written by the nobility has often striven for a sense of folk authenticity to blend with the master poet s craft and skill, simplicity balancing elegance The four character verses in the Book of Songs are the model for shi poetry, whose variations came to dominate classical Chinese poetry for the next two thousand years.The Book of Songs is one of the Confucian classics, studied throughout Chinese history by the nobility and by those who wished to rise in society as scholar officials Poetry is held to be one of the great arts that educated Chinese men and sometimes women should know and be able to practice In fact, poetry has been in the mainstream of literary expression in Chinese literature, and so it is often afforded great powers of influence in the Chinese critical tradition The Great Preface to the Book of Songs states that poetry is a Confucian rectifier that establishes the proper relationships between spouses, encourages respect and loyalty for the old, strengthens human ties, improves civilizations, and excises bad customs In the Analects, Confucius often mentions the Songs In Analect 2.2, for example, he states, There are 300 Songs, but they can be summed up with one phrase let your thoughts be free of depravity Poetry serves a moral purpose, according to Confucius, stimulating the reader, and making him observant, sociable, and capable of expressing his grievances, while at the same time helping him to serve his family and his King Analect 17.8 Though the poems in the Book of Songs were in fact simply songs of the peasants, they were read as moral allegories, or as analogues to political and historical events.The second text presented here is the marvelous, riddling, profound, and elegantly difficult Dao De Jing of Laozi better known in the West by an earlier transliteration as the Tao Te Ching of Lao Tzu As the Book of Songs stands as one of the key texts that gave birth to the Confucian tradition, so the Dao De Jing along with another great text, the Zhuangzi stands as the source of the great religious and philosophical tradition of Daoism, and ultimately of Chinese Buddhism, which blended with Daoism in a particularly Chinese philosophical and spiritual mlange Though it is not normally considered to be poetry, the Dao De Jing translates as marvelous poetry A selection from it can help give Western readers an understanding of the concepts that underlie so many of the great Daoist and Buddhist poets in China who were to come later.The final text in this section is a selection from the great long poem Encountering Sorrow, by Qu Yuan c 332 c 295 bce This poem comes from the Verses of Chu, the second great early anthology of Chinese poetry, which included Qu Yuan s poetry, as well as that of a later poet, Song Yu Encountering Sorrow and other poems in the collection tell of how Qu Yuan s dedication to his king was rewarded with banishment, leading him to drown himself in despair The poems are celebrated for their Confucian dedication to duty The work of Qu Yuan represents the beginning of an ornate literary tradition in China, which is counterbalanced by the simpler, vernacular, folk tradition of the Book of Songs His poems are also the source of Chinese fu poetry, an irregular blend of poetry and prose that was to become an important part of the Chinese tradition Fu poems usually begin and conclude with prose passages, with rhymed poetry in the center.Qu Yuan is supposedly the first Chinese poet whose name we know though in fact there are a few cases in the Book of Songs in which a poet s name is embedded That the Verses of Chu begins the tradition of named poetry in China is important than one might think When one knows a poet s name, and something of his or her life, one gets a powerful sense of human connection to the person behind the poem As poets name the world, so their own names name something to us as readers a life and, perhaps important, a lifework Though the songs from the Books of Songs can often feel personal, they are almost exclusively anonymous and written to set generic topics Thus, despite their allusive and elaborate nature, the poems of Qu Yuan are the fountainhead of personal poetry in China.BOOK OF SONGS c 600 bce The Book of Songs is the earliest anthology of Chinese poetry, and the thematic and formal source of the Chinese poetic tradition The Chinese name for the Book of Songs is the Shi Jing, and the term shi the general term for poetry, like the Japanese term waka derives from its name Legend has it that its 305 poems were compiled by Confucius 551 479 bce from an earlier manuscript of around three thousand songs The assertion that Confucius was the compiler is questionable, but certainly the anthology was extant in Confucius s time, and it seems likely that the anthology was collected between 1100 and 600 bce Confucius refers to the Book of Songs in the Analects, and it was part of the curriculum of his disciples it is counted among the Confucian classics that form the basis of Confucian education The collection was banned in the third century bce, along with the other Confucian classics, but was reconstructed during the Han dynasty, and the edition that is most complete derives from this time.The Book of Songs contains three basic categories of song folk songs and ballads, court songs, and sacrificial songs Like the Sanskrit Vedas of India, these songs provide us with a window onto the simple and beautiful life of an ancient time Heroes and ancestors are praised, love is made, war is waged, farmers sing to their crops, people complain about their taxes, and moral categories are set forth in stark and powerful form Though these are songs, the music has been lost, and some of them have been revised from folk song roots by court musicians, rhymed and arranged into stanzas Others were aristocratic songs, songs to be sung to accompany ritual dancing, or to accompany the rites of ancestor worship.White MoonriseThe white rising moonis your bright beautybinding me in spellstill my heart s devoured.The light moon soarsresplendent like my lady,binding me in light chainstill my heart s devoured.Moon in white glory,you are the beautiful onewho delicately wounds metill my heart s devoured.Translated by Tony Barnstoneand Willis BarnstoneFruit Plummets from the Plum TreeFruit plummets from the plum treebut seven of ten plums remain.You gentlemen who would court me,come on a lucky day.Fruit plummets from the plum treebut three of ten plums still remain.You men who want to court me,come now, today is a lucky day Fruit plummets from the plum tree.You can fill up your baskets.Gentlemen if you want to court me,just say the word.Serene GirlThe serene girl is pretty,waiting for me at the corner.She loves me but hides from me.I scratch my head, walking back and forth.That serene girl is tender,she gave me a red straw.The red straw shines I love this beauty.It was picked in the fields.It is beautiful and rare.It isn t the straw that is so beautifulbut that it s a gift from a beauty.In the Wilds Is a Dead River DeerIn the wilds is a dead river deer.White rushes wrap her.A lady yearns for someone dear.A fine man seduces her.In the woods are clustered bushes,and in the wilds a river deer is deadand wrapped up in white rushes.There is a lady as fine as jade.Oh Slow down, don t be so harsh,let go of my girdle s sash.Shhh You ll make the dog bark.All the Grasslands Are YellowAll the grasslands are yellowand all the days we marchand all the men are conscriptssent off in four directions.All the grasslands are blackand all the men like widowers.So much grief Are soldiersnot men like other men We aren t bison We aren t tigerscrossing the wilderness,but our sorrowsroam from dawn till dusk.Hairy tailed foxes slinkthrough the dark grassas we ride tall chariotsalong the wide rutted roads.Ripe Millet Rows and rows of ripe millet,the sorghum sprouts,and I take long, slow walkswith a shaking, shaken heart.My friends say,His heart is hurtingbut strangers wonder,What can he be looking for O far, far blue heavenwhat makes me feel this way Rows and rows of ripe millet,the sorghum is in spike,and I take long, slow walkswith a drunken heart.My friends say,His heart is hurtingbut strangers wonder,What can he be looking for O far, far blue heavenwhat makes me feel this way Rows and rows of ripe millet,the sorghum is all grain,and I take long, slow walkswith a choking heart.My friends say,His heart is hurtingbut strangers wonder,What can he be looking for O far, far blue heavenwhat makes me feel this way I Beg You, Zhongzi I beg you, Zhongzi,don t come into my neighborhood,don t break my willow twigs.I m not worried about the willow trees,I m afraid of my parents.I do miss youbut I m scaredof my parents scolding.I beg you, Zhongzi,don t climb over my wall,don t break my mulberry branches.I m not worried about my mulberry trees,I m afraid of my brothers.I do miss youbut I m scaredof my brothers words.I beg you, Zhongzi,don t trespass into our orchard,don t break my sandalwood boughs.I m not worried about the sandalwood trees,I m afraid of rumors.I do miss youbut I m scaredof people s gossip.When the Gourd Has Dried Leaves When the gourd has dried leaves,you can wade the deep river.Keep your clothes on if the water s deep hitch up your dress when it s shallow.The river is rising,pheasants are chirping.The water is just half a wheel deep,and the hen is singing to the cock.Wild geese are trilling,the rising sun starts dawn.If you want to marry me,come before the river is frozen.The ferryman is gesturing,other people are going, but not me,other people are going, but not me,I m waiting for you.LAOZI c fourth third centuries bce Laozi was the legendary author of the Dao De Jing, a collection of prose and verse wisdom literature that is considered the seminal work of Daoism Yet mysteries abound about Laozi and the Dao De Jing It is by no means certain that a historical personage named Laozi ever existed The collection itself was originally known simply as Laozi since Laozi also means old man, and there is evidence of a body of wisdom literature whose various book titles all translate as elder or old man, it may be that this collection is the lone survivor of a lost genre The title Dao De Jing Classic of the Way and Its Power was subsequently given to it The Dao De Jing may be an anthology by diverse authors of sayings linked by common themes, or the work of one author augmented by later redactors The traditional Laozi is said to have been an older contemporary of Confucius 551 479 bce , who instructed the younger sage in the rites, but this story seems not to have circulated until the third century bce It is now thought that the text dates from no earlier than the third or fourth centuries bce In the first century bce, the famous historian Sima Qian recounted the Confucius encounter and other stories about Laozi, which he gathered from sources now lost The story about Laozi s writing the Dao De Jing followsUnmatched in scope and literary quality, this landmark anthologyspans three thousand years, bringing together than six hundred poems by than one hundred thirty poets, in translationsmany new and exclusive to the bookby an array of distinguished translators Here is the grand sweep of Chinese poetry, from the Book of Songsancient folk songs said to have been collected by Confucius himselfand Laozis Dao De Jing to the vividly pictorial verse of Wang Wei, the romanticism of Li Po, the technical brilliance of Tu Fu, and all the way up to the twentieth century poetry of Mao Zedong and the postCultural Revolution verse of the Misty poets Encompassing the spiritual, philosophical, political, mystical, and erotic strains that have emerged over millennia, this broadly representative selection also includes a preface on the art of translation, a general introduction to Chinese poetic form, biographical headnotes for each of the poets, and concise essays on the dynasties that structure the book The Anchor Book of Chinese Poetry captures with impressive range and depth the essence of Chinas illustrious poetic tradition. The Anchor Book of New American Short Stories Ben Marcus Aug , The works that editor has collected in Stories, while diverse their stylistic methods, are uniformly accomplished by Marcus was edited and actually the first short story collection I got for my Kindle, just around to finishing it shows how good am about keeping up with things, huh It contains stories authors listed on cover Anchor Books Knopf Doubleday Founded is oldest trade paperback publisher America goal make inexpensive editions modern classics widely available college students adult public Today, s list boasts award winning history, science, women studies, sociology, quality fiction Read Press Independent Publisher Author Welcome Press, Ltd Where Publishing Dreams Come True So, you ve written a great book Next step get your published Gone days when most writers can even Big Five read manuscript, much less secure contract publishing About In twenty nine separate but ingenious ways, these seek permanent residence within reader They strive become an emotional or intellectual cargo might accompany us wherever, however, we go AbeBooks Six Plays Strindberg First Edition, A Father, Miss Julie, Stronger, Easter, Dream Play, Gho Elizabeth Sprigge Doubleday selection related books, art collectibles now at AbeBooks publishes only few titles per year We look books inspire, entertain instruct Most genre accepted Holly Springs, Goodreads Share next Springs series follows Nikki Parker whirlwind tale finding love, figuring out they going handle wrenches life throws them Yearbook Navy Veterans Jun average usually consisted % stock photos updated as necessary contractor pictures shot specifically each company copy produce RTC San Diego recruit souvenir memory similar Bainbridge, Orlando Great Lakes well group individual graduation photo packages, changed hands many Distributors Official Site Distributors, helping Christian retailers build stronger ministries communities over forty yearsWillis Barnstone Willis Barnstone born November poet, memoirist, translator, Hispanist, comparatist He translated Ancient Greek poets complete fragments pre Socratic philosopher Heraclitus POCKET POETS THEMES Everyman Library Homepage his fantasy trilogy, HIS DARK MATERIALS, Philip Pullman invents richly detailed marvellously imagined world complex thought provoking enough enthral readers all ages Richard Brooks IMDb Commanding actor Richard Cleveland, Ohio actor, director singer Raised Ohio, studied acting, dance, voice work Interlochen Academy Arts Michigan A Camouflage Specimens Garments Jennifer Militello Garments, third full length poetry Militello, finalist Eric Hoffer Award Home Red Hen Press one literary presses Los Angeles area, founded Kate Gale Mark E Cull intention creative literature alive Our focus press publish poetry, fiction, nonfiction List Chinese language Wikipedia Poets who wrote write languages China General Land Office Customer Compliment Complaint Form GLO VLB collects information submitted this form help improve our customer service With exceptions, entitled request be informed state governmental body Han Yu Han December writer, government official Tang dynasty significantly influenced development Neo ConfucianismDescribed comparable stature Dante, Shakespeare Goethe influence tradition, stood strong central authority politics orthodoxy cultural matters Welcome St Johns Your Bookshop perth perth Books,Music,Supplies, Levure littraire Magazine international d Levure littraire, et ducation culturelle International education Internationales Magazin fr Information und kulturelle Bildung FreeBooks Download Free Online Under Greenwood Tree PDF Thomas Hardy Soft Copy author Carl Davidson My friend comrade, Tom Hayden Peace activist spiritual leader Rabbi Arthur Waskow SDS vet Carl Davidson, joined Thorne Dreyer Rag Radio, Friday, Oct pm CT discuss legacy Listen podcast here Saison de Good Wife Wikipdia Cet article prsente le guide des pisodes la septime dernire saison srie tlvise amricaine must see buildings Tennessee USA TODAY Jul asked AIA chapters nationwide name structures visitors should Tony SONNET FEATURE Tony Professor English Whittier College, where he anchors writing program teaches Asian Poetry Albert Upton College Masters Creative Writing PhD Literature from UC Berkeley Middletown, Connecticut, into very unusual family father, Barnstone, young professor Wesleyan University time Writers Whether re pursuing publication fifth, use Small Presses database research potential publishers, including submission guidelines, tips editors, contact information, NEA two Sad Jazz Sonnets Impure Poems, chapbook poems, Naked Magic Lamp Mirror Poems When strange light stirs mirror, forces swirl shadows bathtub glimpse figure standing glowing As rinse toothpaste down drain, blind eye whirls numinous white, hair moonlight streaming Pulp Tupelo son poet visual artist, Connecticut raised Indiana, Vermont, Greece editor, seventeen music CD Profiles Facebook View profiles people named Join Facebook connect others may know gives power Complete Publication List Dr PUBLISHED Chou Ping NY Books, Preface, introduction, historical biographical headnotes Art Teachings Boston Shambhala Publications, Inc Translated, introductions also Testament Gnostic scholar Sad Temporarily Order ll deliver More Buying Choices used new offers Review Tongue War Foreword Reviews BkMk Softcover collection, explores events World II Pacific both sides conflict Willis, Aliki Event Details Language holds The Anchor Book of Chinese Poetry: From Ancient to Contemporary, The Full 3000-Year Tradition

 

    • The Anchor Book of Chinese Poetry: From Ancient to Contemporary, The Full 3000-Year Tradition
    • 4.1
    • 386
    • Format Kindle
    • 512 pages
    • 0385721986
    • Tony Barnstone
    • Anglais
    • 11 January 2016

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